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Determinants of the adoption of injury risk reduction programmes in athletics (track and field): an online survey of 7715 French athletes
INSEP, Paris, France; University of Liège, Liege, Belgium.
University Hospital of Saint-Étienne, Saint-Étienne, France.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare. University of Picardy Jules Verne, Amiens, France.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0882-383X
INSEP, Paris, France; French Athletics Federation (FFA), Paris, France.
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2022 (English)In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 56, no 9, p. 499-505Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To identify individual characteristics associated with the adoption of injury risk reduction programmes (IRRP) and to investigate the variations in sociocognitive determinants (ie, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control and intentions) of IRRP adoption in athletics (track and field) athletes.

METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using an online survey sent to athletes licensed with the French Federation of Athletics to investigate their habits and sociocognitive determinants of IRRP adoption. Sociodemographic characteristics, sports practice and history of previous injuries were also recorded. Logistic regression analyses and group comparisons were performed.

RESULTS: The final sample was composed of 7715 athletes. From the multivariable analysis, competing at the highest level was positively associated with IRRP adoption (adjusted OR (AOR)=1.66; 99.9% CI 1.39 to 1.99 and AOR=1.48; 99.9% CI 1.22 to 1.80) and presenting a low number of past injuries was negatively associated with IRRP adoption (AOR=0.48; 99.9% CI 0.35 to 0.65 and AOR=0.61; 99.9% CI 0.44 to 0.84), both during their lifetime and the current season, respectively. These results were supported by higher scores of sociocognitive determinants among athletes who reported IRRP adoption compared with other athletes.

CONCLUSION: Some characteristics of athletes seem to be associated with IRRP adoption either positively (competing at the highest level) or negatively (presenting a lower number of past injuries), whereas all the sociocognitive determinants tested appear to be linked to IRRP adoption. Since many athlete characteristics are difficult or impossible to change, IRRP promotion may be enhanced by targeting athletes' beliefs and intentions to adopt an IRRP. © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2022. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2022. Vol. 56, no 9, p. 499-505
Keywords [en]
athletes, athletic injuries, behaviour, preventive medicine
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46751DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2021-104593ISI: 000838709600001PubMedID: 34789458Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85128488768OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-46751DiVA, id: diva2:1655391
Note

Funding: The present study was conducted in the context of the FULGUR project (ANR-19-STPH-003) funded by the French Research Agency in the perspective of the Paris 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games in collaboration with the French Federation of Athletics, Rugby and Ice Sports, Universities of Nantes, Côte d’Azur, Savoie Mont Blanc, Jean Monnet Saint-Étienne, Saclay, the Mines Saint-Étienne, the CEA and the CNRS. The University Jean Monnet Saint-Étienne and the French Institute of Sport (INSEP) are partners of the French-speaking network ReFORM. ReFORM, and the Amsterdam Collaboration on Health and Safety in Sports (ACHSS) are recognised as Research Centres for the Prevention of Injury and Illness and the Protection of Athletes by the IOC and received funding from the IOC to establish a long-term research programme on the prevention of injuries and illnesses in sports to protect athletes' health.

Available from: 2022-05-02 Created: 2022-05-02 Last updated: 2023-08-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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