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Sjuksköterskans hälsofrämjande omvårdnadsåtgärder gentemot anhöriga till personer med Parkinsons sjukdom: En litterturöversikt
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The nurse’s health-promoting nursing measures for relativesof people with Parkinson’s disease : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Anhöriga har ofta en central roll när personer med Parkinson vårdas i hemmet. När anhöriga blir informella vårdgivare kan de uppleva en börda som kallas caregiver burden, vilket kan visa sig i form av ångest eller depression. Anhörigas psykiska och emotionella hälsa kan påverkas negativt när en närstående drabbas av Parkinsons sjukdom. Syfte: Att beskriva hur sjuksköterskan kan främja hälsa hos anhöriga till personer med Parkinsons sjukdom. Metod: Litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats, där tio artiklar inkluderades och analyserades enligt kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Resultatet presenterades i fyra olika övergripande kategorier: inta en stödjande roll, stärka kontakten med vården, främja egenvård samt bidra till kunskap. Varje övergripande kategori presenterades sedan med respektive underkategorier. Resultatet visade på olika omvårdnadsåtgärder som är viktiga för att främja anhörigas hälsa. Konklusion: Sjuksköterskan har en central roll att främja anhörigas hälsa genom olika omvårdnadsåtgärder. Eftersom anhöriga ofta upplever en ständig oro och stress på grund av deras begränsade kunskap behöver de stöd i form av exempelvis emotionellt och professionellt stöd. Genom att sjuksköterskan främjar anhörigas hälsa bidrar det till att personen med Parkinson erhåller en god livskvalitet.

Abstract [en]

Background: Relatives often have a central role when people with Parkinson's are cared for at home. When relatives become informal caregivers, they may experience a burden called caregiver burden, which can manifest itself in the form of anxiety or depression. The mental and emotional health of relatives can be negatively affected when a close relative suffers from Parkinson's disease. Aim: To describe how the nurse can promote the health of relatives of people with Parkinson's disease. Method: Literature overview with an inductive approach, where ten result articles were included. Results: The results were presented in four different overall categories: take on a supportive role, strengthen contact with care, promote self-care and contribute to knowledge. Each overall category was then presented with the respective subcategories. The results showed various nursing measures that are important for promoting the health of relatives. Conclusion: The nurse has a central role in promoting the health of relatives through various nursing measures. Because relatives often experience constant anxiety and stress due to their lack of knowledge, they need support in the form of, for example, emotional and professional support. By promoting the health of relatives, the nurse contributes to the person with Parkinson's obtaining a good quality of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
Health, nursing measures, nurse, Parkinson's disease, relatives
Keywords [sv]
Anhöriga, hälsa, omvårdnadsåtgärder, Parkinsons sjukdom, sjuksköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46621OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-46621DiVA, id: diva2:1651117
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-04-11 Created: 2022-04-11 Last updated: 2023-01-16Bibliographically approved

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