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Patienters upplevelser av tidig palliativ vård inom onkologi: En litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients experiences of early palliative care in oncology : a literaturereview (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Palliativ vård sätts ofta in först i ett sent skede av sjukdomsförloppet. Det finns fortfarande en uppfattning att palliativ vård enbart är vård i livets slutskede, vilket kan vara ett hinder för tidig implementering av palliativ vård. Genom att erbjuda palliativ vård i ett tidigt skede minskar patientens lidande och ökar deras livskvalitet under tiden som återstår. Syfte: Syftet var att belysa patienters upplevelser av tidig palliativ vård inom onkologi. Metod: Studien gjordes som en allmän litteraturstudie genom en innehållsanalys med induktiv ansats. Tio artiklar med kvalitativ och kvantitativ metod har använts. Resultat: Tre huvudkategorier identifierades: Vikten av att få information och kunskap, Vikten av god kommunikation och relation samt Vikten av en effektivare symtomlindring. Tidig palliativ vård medförde en effektivare symtomlindring, ökad livskvalitet och delaktighet, mer tid för samtal samt förberedelse för framtiden. Patienterna upplevde att de blev sedda som en person och att deras behov kunde tillgodoses. Konklusion: Patienter upplevde det gynnsamt med tidig palliativ vård. Det behövs mer forskning och resurser för att implementera tidig palliativ vård på fler vårdenheter.

Abstract [en]

Bakground: Palliative care is often used only at a late stage in the course of the disease. There is still a perception that palliative care is only end-of-life care, which can be an obstacle to early implementation of palliative care. By providing palliative care at an early stage the patient's suffering decreases and their quality of life increases during the remaining time of their life. Aim: The purpose was to illustrate patients experiences of early palliative care in oncology. Method: The study was created as a literature study through a content analysis with an inductive approach.Ten articles with qualitative and quantitative methods have been used. Result: Three main categories were identified: Importance of getting information and knowledge, Importance of good communication and relationship and Importance of more effective symptom relief. Early palliative care led to more effective symptom relief, increased quality of life, increased participation in decision-making, more time for conversations and preparation for the future. The patients felt that they were seen as a person and that their needs could be fulfilled. Conclusion: Patients experienced it beneficial with early palliative care. More research and resources are needed to implement early palliative care in more care units.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 14
Keywords [en]
Early palliative care, experiences, oncology, patient
Keywords [sv]
Onkologi, tidig palliativ vård, patienter, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-45897OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-45897DiVA, id: diva2:1612254
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-11-19 Created: 2021-11-17 Last updated: 2021-11-19Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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