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Volition distinguishes elite football players from near elites and talented dropouts
University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark & Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8392-2451
University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5177-8002
2011 (English)In: Sport and Exercise Psychology: Human Performance, Well-Being and Health: Proceedings of the 13th FEPSAC European Congress of Sport Psychology / [ed] Sidónio Serpa, Nelson Teixeira, Maria João Almeida, António Rosado, Madeira: Institute of Sport of the Autonomous Region of Madeira , 2011, p. 155-155Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Motivational and volitional characteristics are considered important factors for athletic success but can also be connected to drop-out from elite sports (Elbe et al., 2003; Ericsson et al., 1993). This study investigates volitional and motivational factors of top-level Danish football players. Sixty five female and 42 male players (N = 107; age: M = 21.03 years, SD = 4.89) completed an online survey requesting information about sport success, career development and reasons for retirement (if applicable). In addition they filled in the short version of the Achievement Motives Scale -Sport (Elbe & Wenhold, 2005) and four scales of the Volitional Components Questionnaire-Sport (Wenhold et al., 2009).The sample was divided into elite (n = 23), near-elite (n = 65) and dropouts (n = 19) based on athletic success and reasons for retirement. A one-way between-subjects ANOVA was used to calculate differences between these three groups concerning motivational and volitional factors. The ANOVA revealed significant differences regarding the volitional scales self-determination (p < .05), avoiding effort (p < .01) and postponing training (p < .01).The elite athletes showed the most beneficial values in all three scales, whereas the dropouts showed the lowest scores. No significant differences were found regarding the other variables. The results identify volition as a crucial personality factor for elite football players, which might also be connected to dropping out of sport.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Madeira: Institute of Sport of the Autonomous Region of Madeira , 2011. p. 155-155
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41938ISBN: 978-972-98090-2-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41938DiVA, id: diva2:1424676
Conference
13th FEPSAC European Congress of Sport Psychology: Sport and Exercise Psychology: Human Performance, Well-Being and Health, Madeira, Portugal, July 12-17, 2011
Available from: 2020-04-19 Created: 2020-04-19 Last updated: 2020-04-22

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Wikman, Johan Michael

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