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Development and Initial Validation of the Volition in Exercise Questionnaire (VEQ)
Department of Nutrition, Exercise, and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1770-2274
Department of Nutrition, Exercise, and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5177-8002
Department of Nutrition, Exercise, and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2854-7182
Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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2016 (English)In: Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, ISSN 1091-367X, E-ISSN 1532-7841, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 57-68Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study describes the development and validation of an instrument to measure volition in the exercise context. Volition describes an individual’s self-regulatory mental processes that are responsible for taking and maintaining a desirable action (e.g., exercising regularly). The scale structure was developed in an exploratory factor analysis which resulted in a reliable structure of the following six factors: Volitional Inhibition—Reasons, Volitional Inhibition—Postponing Training, Volitional Facilitation—Self-Confidence, Volitional Inhibition—Unrelated Thoughts, Volitional Inhibition—Approval From Others, and Volitional Facilitation—Coping with Failure. A sound theoretical explanation for these six factors is based on the Personal System Interaction Theory. This six-factor structure was also confirmed in a new sample in a confirmatory factor analysis, delivering an 18-item questionnaire with strong model fit and good internal consistency. In addition, the Volition in Exercise Questionnaire showed convergent validity because it was able to predict exercise participation. It showed incremental validity by explaining additional variance to the Sport Motivation Scale’s well-established predictors of exercise participation. © 2016 Taylor & Francis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia: Routledge, 2016. Vol. 21, no 2, p. 57-68
Keywords [en]
physical activity, self-regulation, motivation, psychometrics
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41953DOI: 10.1080/1091367X.2016.1251436ISI: 000401639600001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84996993095OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41953DiVA, id: diva2:1424001
Note

The study is supported by the research program “Physical activity and nutrition for improvement of health,” funded by the University of Copenhagen Excellence Programme for Interdisciplinary Research.

Available from: 2020-04-16 Created: 2020-04-16 Last updated: 2020-04-22

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Wikman, Johan Michael

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