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Fitness and health benefits of team handball training for young untrained women—A cross-disciplinary RCT on physiological adaptations and motivational aspects
Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5177-8002
Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8146-5170
Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, University Institute of Maia, ISMAI, Maia, Portugal.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6661-3673
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Sport and Health Science, ISSN 2095-2546, E-ISSN 2213-2961, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 139-148Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The present study evaluated the effects of regular participation in small-sided team handball training on body composition, osteogenic response, physical performance, and cardiovascular risk factors, as well as well-being and motivation, in young untrained women.

Methods: Twenty-eight untrained 20- to 30-year-old women were randomized to a handball training group (HG; n = 14, height 170 ± 5 cm, weight 73 ± 11 kg, VO2peak 37.7 ± 4.1 mL/min/kg) that trained 1.7 ± 0.3 times per week over 12 weeks (70 min 4 v 4 handball sessions) or an inactive control group (CG; n = 14, 169 ± 5 cm, 71 ± 12 kg, 38.1 ± 3.7 mL/min/kg). Physiological and psychological and motivational training adaptations were assessed pre- and post-intervention by dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) scans, blood sampling, physical tests, and questionnaires.

Results: The average heart rate (HR) over all training sessions was equal to 85% ± 6% HRmax. Between-group intervention effects were observed in favor of HG for muscle mass (2.1%, p = 0.024), proximal femur bone mineral density (0.8%, p = 0.041), Yo-Yo IE1 intermittent endurance test level 1 (IE1) performance (35%, p < 0.001), and incremental treadmill test performance (11.5%, p = 0.003), but not total fat mass (p = 0.176), mean arterial blood pressure (p = 0.328), resting HR (p = 0.219), or blood lipids (p = 0.298–0.854). In CG, no changes were observed in any of the measured physiological variables after the training period. Compared to CG, HG had an increase in intrinsic motivation (p < 0.001) and in the well-being subscale “energy” (p = 0.010).

Conclusion: Participation in regular recreational team handball training organized as small-sided games has marked beneficial effects on physical performance, musculoskeletal fitness, well-being, and motivation in untrained young women. © 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Shanghai University of Sport. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Shanghai: Routledge, 2018. Vol. 7, no 2, p. 139-148
Keywords [en]
Bone mineral density (BMD), Intensity, Intermittent, Motivation, Muscle mass, Physical performance, Recreational handball, Well-being
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41890DOI: 10.1016/j.jshs.2017.09.007ISI: 000432488500004PubMedID: 30356492Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85035808014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41890DiVA, id: diva2:1423504
Note

Funding: TrygFonden, Nordea-fonden (02-2011-4360), Danish Handball Federation (Dansk Handbold Forbund, DHF), European Handball Federation (EHF) & Danish and European Handball Federation

Available from: 2020-04-14 Created: 2020-04-14 Last updated: 2020-04-22

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Wikman, Johan Michael

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