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Effects of goal setting on fear of failure in young elite athletes
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5177-8002
Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1741-0930
AMEOS Clinic for Psychiatry, Ueckermuende, Germany.
Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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2014 (English)In: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251X, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 185-205Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study reports the effects of a goal-setting intervention on fear of failure in young elite athletes. Using the hierarchical model of approach and avoidance motivation as a theoretical vantage point, a goal-setting intervention using mastery-approach goals and existing goalsetting recommendations was used as intervention. The goal-setting group (n = 33) attended 12 weekly, one-hour goal-setting sessions, while the control group (n = 16) did not. A Danish version of the short form of the Achievement Motives Scale-Sport was tested with a confirmatory factor analysis and showed good fit. It was used to measure fear of failure at baseline, at the end of intervention and at follow-up, 12 weeks after intervention had ended. Results showed that in the goal-setting group, fear of failure decreased significantly from baseline to end of intervention, but increased again from end of intervention to follow-up. This indicates that fear of failure is an achievement motive disposition that can be changed through certain achievement experiences. Implications for practice and future research are discussed. © 2014 International Society of Sport Psychology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Taylor & Francis, 2014. Vol. 12, no 3, p. 185-205
Keywords [en]
achievement motivation, factor analysis, intervention, sport psychology, talent
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41895DOI: 10.1080/1612197X.2014.881070Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84904468622OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41895DiVA, id: diva2:1423500
Available from: 2020-04-14 Created: 2020-04-14 Last updated: 2020-04-22

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Wikman, Johan Michael

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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