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Change in basic need frustration in relation to perfectionism, anxiety and performance in elite junior performers
Department of Coaching and Psychology, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway & Norwegian Research Centre of Children and Youth Sports, Oslo, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5987-6651
Department of Coaching and Psychology, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway & Norwegian Research Centre of Children and Youth Sports, Oslo, Norway.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8987-5975
Department of Coaching and Psychology, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway & Department of Business, Marketing and Law, University of South‐Eastern Norway, Hønefoss, Norway.
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2020 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 754-765Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study examined whether there were different growth profiles in basic need frustration in elite junior performers over a nine‐month period. Subsequently, we examined whether the identified growth profiles differed in their levels of perfectionistic strivings and evaluative concerns measured at baseline and, additionally, whether they were associated with higher or lower levels of anxiety and perceived performance level in the end of the period. A sample of 259 (Mage = 17.31; SDage = 0.97) elite junior performers from sports and performing arts completed an online questionnaire to report their self‐ratings of the study variables. The analyses were conducted using growth mixture modeling in Mplus 8.0. Two main contrasting growth profiles were identified in each of the basic need frustration. Perfectionistic strivings were overall higher than evaluative concerns, but did not differ between the growth profiles. Conversely, evaluative concerns differed significantly between the identified growth profiles. Higher levels of evaluative concerns were associated with the most maladaptive growth profiles. Indeed, elite junior performers, who experienced moderate and increasing levels of competence and autonomy frustration, reported higher levels of anxiety and lower levels of perceived performance level than those who reported low and decreasing levels of competence and autonomy frustration. Based on these findings, evaluative concerns and basic need frustration appear to play key roles in the development of maladaptive motivational processes over time. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2020. Vol. 30, no 4, p. 754-765
Keywords [en]
basic psychological needs, growth mixture modeling, perfectionism, self‐determination theory, talent development
National Category
Psychology Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41846DOI: 10.1111/sms.13614ISI: 000506078800001PubMedID: 31845389Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85077879717OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41846DiVA, id: diva2:1420495
Available from: 2020-03-31 Created: 2020-03-31 Last updated: 2020-04-09Bibliographically approved

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Ivarsson, Andreas

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