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University spin-offs and triple helix dynamics in regional innovation ecosystems: A comparison of technology intensive start-ups in Sweden
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0680-1883
Sten K Johnson Center for Entrepreneurship, School of Economics and Management, Lund University, P.O. Box 7080, Lund, SE-220 07, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5842-8825
Department of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Bodø Graduate School of Business, University of Nordland, P.O. Box 1490, Bodø, NO-8049, Norway.
2019 (English)In: Global Business and Economics Review (GBER), ISSN 1097-4954, E-ISSN 1745-1329, Vol. 21, no 3-4, p. 362-381Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study offers novel insights into how university spin-offs contribute to triple helix dynamics and the evolutionary processes of industrial renewal in regional innovation ecosystems. We analyse three groups of technology intensive start-ups: university spin-offs, corporate spin-offs, and independent technology start-ups. We compare and analyse various characteristics, functions, and processes among the three groups using primary data from a questionnaire survey conducted at 341 young firms operating in two technology intensive sectors in Sweden. Our findings suggest that university spin-offs differ from the other two groups with respect to their contribution to triple helix dynamics in regional innovation ecosystems. University spin-offs cooperate more closely with universities, conduct more in-house R&D, purchase more R&D services, and offer more innovative products/services in the introduction stage of their industry life cycles. © 2019 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Olney: InderScience Publishers, 2019. Vol. 21, no 3-4, p. 362-381
Keywords [en]
Entrepreneurship, Regional innovation, Sweden, Technology-intensive start-ups, Triple helix dynamics, University spin-offs
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41552DOI: 10.1504/GBER.2019.099398Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85065135940OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41552DiVA, id: diva2:1390928
Available from: 2020-02-03 Created: 2020-02-03 Last updated: 2020-03-20Bibliographically approved

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Gabrielsson, Jonas

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