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The persuasive effects of emotional green packaging claims
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Centre for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Learning Research (CIEL).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0419-8654
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
2019 (English)In: British Food Journal, ISSN 0007-070X, E-ISSN 1758-4108, Vol. 121, no 12, p. 3233-3246Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of rational green packaging claims vs emotional green packaging claims on consumers' purchase propensity for organic coffee.

Design/methodology/approach - Three within-subjects experiment were carried out (N=87, N=245, N=60). The experimental design encompasses packaging with rational green claims, emotional green claims, as well as a neutral (control) claim. Measured variables are introduced to assess participants' environmental commitment and information processing ability. A manipulated between-subjects variable is introduced to test how distraction interacts with preference for the claims.

Findings - Overall, consumers prefer products with green claims over those with neutral (control) claims, and products with emotional green claims to those with rational green claims. The studies also reveal that this effect is moderated by participants' environmental commitment, information processing ability and by distraction. The findings were statistically significant (p<0.05).

Research limitations/implications - As a lab experiment, the study provides limited generalizability and external validity. Practical implications - For most organic FMCG products, it is advisable to employ emotional packaging claims.

Social implications - The presented findings provide marketers with tools to influence consumer behavior toward sustainable choices.

Originality/value - The paper validates previous contributions on the effects of product claim types, and extends them by introducing comprehensive empirical data on all the Elaboration Likelihood Model's criteria for rational decision-making; motivation, opportunity and ability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019. Vol. 121, no 12, p. 3233-3246
Keywords [en]
Branding, ELM, Consumer behaviour, Environmental, Green marketing, Food packaging
National Category
Other Medical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41444DOI: 10.1108/BFJ-08-2019-0652ISI: 000501167100017Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85074418124OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41444DiVA, id: diva2:1390246
Available from: 2020-01-31 Created: 2020-01-31 Last updated: 2020-02-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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