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Symtomen som begränsar livet: Kvinnors upplevelser och erfarenheter av att leva med polycystiskt ovarialsyndrom (PCOS)
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a chronic condition that affects 6-18 % of all fertile women, PCOS manifests itself through various clinical symptoms, such as hirsutism and obesity. It is also a contributing factor to irregular menstrual cycles, which has an impact on life and future pregnancies. The aim of the literature study was to describe the experiences of women living with PCOS. A systematic literature review was conducted, which resulted in the selection of ten scientific articles. The result of the study is based on three categories: The women’s self-image, the women’s physical and mental well-being and the women’s experience of support. The results of the literature study describe the way the women perceived themselves based on clinical symptoms such as hirsutism and obesity. The experience of the symptoms, the reduced fertility and the constant comparisons made with other women were based on society’s norms. This later on had an emotional impact on women´s physical and mental well-being. In conclusion the women found support through support groups, family members and information online. However, the women perceived a lack of support from healthcare professionals. If healthcare professionals can gain a greater understanding of how women with PCOS experience their symptoms, they can in this way contribute to more person-centred care.

Abstract [sv]

Polycystiskt ovarialsyndrom (PCOS) är ett kroniskt syndrom som drabbar 6-18 % av alla fertila kvinnor. PCOS visar sig genom olika kliniska symtom, såsom hirsutism, övervikt och är en bidragande faktor till oregelbundna menstruationer, vilket kan påverka livet samt bidra till svårigheterna att bli gravid. Litteraturstudiens syfte var att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser och erfarenheter av att leva med PCOS. En systematisk litteratursökning genomfördes vilket resulterade i tio utvalda vetenskapliga artiklar. I resultatet framkom tre kategorier: Kvinnornas självbild, Kvinnornas fysiska och psykiska mående och Kvinnornas upplevelse av stöd. Kategorierna beskriver hur kvinnorna såg på sig själva utifrån hirsutism, övervikt och andra kliniska symtom. Kvinnorna beskrev upplevelsen kring symtomen, infertiliteten samt de ständiga jämförelserna kvinnorna gjorde med andra kvinnor utifrån samhällets normer. Den emotionella upplevelsen bidrog till en fysiskt och psykisk påfrestning på kvinnornas mående. Sammanfattningsvis fann kvinnorna stöd genom bland annat stödgrupper, familj och information på internet, däremot upplevde de brist på stöd från hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal. Genom denna litteraturstudie kan hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal få en ökad förståelse över vad kvinnor med PCOS upplever gällande sina symtom och på detta sätt bidra till en mer personcentrerad omvårdnad.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 18
Keywords [en]
Emotion, Experience, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Support
Keywords [sv]
Erfarenhet, Polycystiskt ovarialsyndrom, Stöd, Upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-41316OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-41316DiVA, id: diva2:1381953
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-02 Created: 2019-12-30 Last updated: 2020-01-02Bibliographically approved

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