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Consistency tendency and the theory of planned behavior: A randomized controlled crossover trial in physical activity
Faculty of Education and Human Development, The Education University of Hong Kong, New Territories, Hong Kong, China & The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China & .ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8200-0263
University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand & Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0834-1040
Department of Psychology, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia.
Department of Psychology, Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8951-3125
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2019 (English)In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: This study examined the effects of consistency tendency on the predictive power of the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in relation to physical activity behavior.

Methods: In this randomized controlled cross-over trial, we recruited 770 undergraduate students from Indonesia who were randomly assigned into two groups. Participants completed physical activity versions of TPB measures at T1 (baseline) and T2 (post 1 week), and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire at T3 (post 1 month). At T1 and T2, the TPB questions were either presented in ensemble-order (i.e., consistency tendency supressed) or alternate-order (i.e., consistency tendency facilitated).

Results: The parameter estimates of the model (CFI > .92, TLI > .90, SRMR < .08, RMSEA < .08) aligned with the tenets of TPB. As compared to ensemble-order, a TPB measured in alternate-order yielded stronger cross-sectional relationships, but this pattern did not appear in the prospective relationships in TPB (i.e., intention/perceived behavioral control and behavior).

Conclusions: Consistency tendency inflated the factor correlations of cross-sectionally measured TPB variables, but the inflation was not observed in the prospective prediction of behavior. Health psychology questionnaires with items presented in ensemble order may represent a viable means of reducing the confounding effect of consistency tendency. © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon: Routledge, 2019.
Keywords [en]
Consistency motif, proximity effect, Socratic effect, common method variance, response bias, general response tendency
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-40953DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2019.1677904ISI: 000491649400001PubMedID: 31642350Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85074457570OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-40953DiVA, id: diva2:1370376
Note

Funders: University of Hong Kong (104004966.092935.22400.301.01) & World Class University Funding Program for International Research Publication of Brawijaya University, Indonesia

Available from: 2019-11-14 Created: 2019-11-14 Last updated: 2019-11-15

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Ivarsson, Andreas

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