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Development of basic psychological need satisfaction in physical education: Effects of a two-year PE programme
Inland Norway University of Applied Science, Elverum, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9636-9483
University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7909-473X
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3495-6516
2019 (English)In: Journal for Research in Arts and Sports Education, E-ISSN 2535-2857, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 4-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research shows that sports-active students experience more basic need satisfaction (autonomy, competence, relatedness) in physical education (PE) than their non-sports-active peers, and thus, reap most of the benefits of PE. This study aimed to investigate the role of a two-year PE programme, referred to as Interest-based PE, in contributing to students’ basic need satisfaction in PE, and in particular, to assess potential basic needs-benefits among students who were not involved in leisure-time sport. Among 693 students, 348 were offered a choice of two different PE approaches (“explorative” vs. “sports” approach) for the next two years, while the remaining students continued to receive traditional PE. Girls, non-sports-active students, and students who experienced less need satisfaction in PE at baseline were more likely to choose the explorative approach, thereby signifying a wish for a less sports-centred PE. However, no significant differences in autonomy, competence, and relatedness need satisfaction were identified between Interest-based PE groups and their respective control groups over the course of the programme. Sports active students experienced more gains in relatedness need satisfaction than non-sports active students over the course of the programme, suggesting that challenges in promoting equal opportunities for learning in PE may require more than “Interest-based PE”.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Cappelen Damm Akademisk, 2019. Vol. 3, no 2, p. 4-21
Keywords [en]
Basic needs, self-determination theory, adolescents, organized sport
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-40952DOI: 10.23865/jased.v3.1375OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-40952DiVA, id: diva2:1370375
Available from: 2019-11-14 Created: 2019-11-14 Last updated: 2019-11-27Bibliographically approved

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Ivarsson, Andreas

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  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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