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Value Dimensions, Meaning, and Complexity in Human Occupation – A Tentative Structure for Analysis
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Occupational Therapy, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Occupational Therapy, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5865-2632
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Occupational Therapy, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0136-3079
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Occupational Therapy, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6670-7952
2001 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 7-18Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In occupational therapy and occupational science, it is important to clarify the perspective from which the analysis of occupation is addressed. The purpose of this paper is to present a tentative structure for describing occupation, allowing for analysis in a lifelong panorama as well as for the immediate experience a person acquires from performing a single occupation. The concept of occupational value is introduced as a prerequisite for meaning, defining three different dimensions: concrete, symbolic, and self-reward value. A dynamic categorisation of single occupations is presented, considering each unique occupational performance viewed from a macro, meso, and a micro perspective, inspired by dynamic systems theory. It is proposed that all occupations are meaningful if they are integrated parts of a person's occupational continuity, and that it is the interaction between the mentioned three perspectives that determines their meaningfulness. With an explicit focus on value and meaning as perceived by the unique person, occupational therapists will become more skilled in designing meaningful occupational therapy interventions. This paper is a contribution to the development of occupational science as well as to occupational therapy, but the theoretical framework presented must be empirically tested in order to demonstrate its validity. Copyright © 2019 Informa UK Limited.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, UK: Informa Healthcare, 2001. Vol. 8, no 1, p. 7-18
Keywords [en]
Dynamic, Systems, Meaning, Occupational, Categories, Science, Value
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39545DOI: 10.1080/11038120119727Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0034956954OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-39545DiVA, id: diva2:1338251
Available from: 2019-07-21 Created: 2019-07-21 Last updated: 2019-08-26

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Erlandsson, Lena-Karin

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