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En tolkning av ordet ansvar inom omvårdnad
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
An interpretation of the word responsibility in nursing (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Ansvar som enskild term är bara ett ord, ett språkligt uttryck. När ordet sedan upplevs av en individ bildas det ett begrepp som en mental bild och när termen ytterligare sätts i kontext tillsammans med upplevelsen skapas referenten, som blir de verkliga handlingarna i vardagens sammanhang. Sjuksköterskans huvudansvar är att bidra till patienternas egenvård men även att övervaka patienters tillstånd, något som försvåras då ansvarets innebörd är otydligt i organisationen. Otydligheten i organisationen leder till att personcenterad vård inte kan utföras i den utsträckning som egentligen önskas. Syfte: Att belysa sjuksköterskans ansvar gentemot patienten inom omvårdnad. Metod: Allmän litteraturöversikt med inspiration av innehållsanalys tillämpades under analysen av de åtta vetenskapliga artiklarna. Resultat: De teman som framkom var sjuksköterskans ansvar som: term – evidensens skyldigheter, begrepp – det personliga ansvaret och referent – den bristande organisationen.  Litteraturöversiktens resultat visade på att ansvar i många fall sågs som en negativ upplevelse då sjuksköterskans professionsansvar inom omvårdnadsprocessen försummades på grund av flera faktorer, där bland underbemanning och att påminna läkare om deras ansvarsuppgifter. Konklusion: I nuläget finns det tydliga riktlinjer och lagar om vad sjuksköterskans ansvar inom omvårdnad är men i verklighetens praxis försvåras tolkningen av ordet då egna erfarenheter och upplevelser har stor inverkan.

Abstract [en]

Background: Responsibility as an individual term is just a word, a linguistic expression but when perceived by an individual a concept is formed as a mental image. When the term is put into context with the experience, the referent is created, actions in everyday context. Nurse's main responsibility is to contribute to the patients' self-care and monitor the patients' condition, but the unclear responsibility in the organization leads to inability to perform person-centered care. Aim: To highlight the nurse's responsibility towards the patient in nursing. Method: A general literature review with inspiration from content analysis was applied during the analysis of the eight scientific articles. Result: The themes that emerged were the nurse's responsibility as: term - the obligations of the evidence, concepts - the personal responsibility and referent - the insufficient organization. The results showed that in many cases responsibility was a negative experience when the professional responsibility in the nursing process was neglected due to several factors, including under-staffing and reminding doctors of their responsibilities. Conclusion: Clear guidelines and laws on what the nurse's responsibility in nursing exists, but the interpretation of the word makes it difficult since the nurse's former experiences have a great impact.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 18
Keywords [en]
Nursing, Nurse, Organization, Responsibility
Keywords [sv]
Ansvar, Omvårdnad, Organisation, Sjuksköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39530OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-39530DiVA, id: diva2:1320075
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-05 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2019-06-05Bibliographically approved

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