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Vårdrelationen mellan sjuksköterskan och patienten med anorexia nervosa: En litteraturöversikt
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The nursing care relationship between the nurse and patient with anorexia nervosa : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Anorexia nervosa klassificeras som en ätstörning som går ut på en avsiktlig viktnedgång som beror på förändrad kroppsuppfattning. I vårdandet av AN är det av stor vikt att sjuksköterskan fokuserar på individen bakom ätstörningen och är stöttande. Sjuksköterskan spelar en stor roll i vårdrelationen till patienten.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskan och patienten med anorexia nervosa perspektiv på den terapeutiska vårdrelationen.

Metod: En allmän litteraturöversikt. Data analyserades kvalitativt och kvalitetsgranskades. Efter kvalitetsgranskning användes nio artiklar till resultatet.

Resultat: Resultat som framkom i studien var att en positiv terapeutisk vårdrelationen mellan sjuksköterska och patient kan vara avgörande för tillfrisknandet. De kategorier som framkom i resultatet var: vårdrelation, stöd och motivation, Sjuksköterskans delaktighet och negativ vårdrelation.

Konklusion: Den terapeutisk vårdrelation var essentiell för patientens välmående och upplevelse av trygghet under behandling. Arbetar sjuksköterskan utifrån en terapeutisk utgångspunkt och att ge patienten stöd under behandling kan patienten uppleva motivation till att genomgå behandling.

Abstract [en]

Background: Anorexia nervosa classifies as an eating disorder that involves a intentional weight loss that is caused by changed body image. In the caring of anorexia nervosa, it is essential that the nurse pay focus to the individual behind the eating disorder, as well as being supporting. The nurse plays a major role in the nursing care relationship with the patient.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe the nurse and patient with anorexia nervosa perspective on a therapeutic alliance.

Method: General literature review. Data were analysed on qualitative steps and quality-tested based on five analysis steps. After quality review, nine articles used for the result.

Result: The results that emerged from the study were that a positive therapeutic alliance between the nurse and patient can be decisive for recovery. The categories that emerged in the result were: nursing care, support and motivation, the nurse’s participation and negative care relationship.

Conclusion: The therapeutic alliance was essential for the patient’s wellbeing and feeling of safety during treatment. If the nurse work from a therapeutic alliance and support the patient during treatment, the patient gains motivation to undergo treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
Anorexia, anorexia nervosa, nurse, therapeutic alliance
Keywords [sv]
Anorexia, anorexia nervosa, sjuksköterska, terapeutisk vårdrelation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39509OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-39509DiVA, id: diva2:1319097
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-03 Created: 2019-05-29 Last updated: 2019-06-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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