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Musik som omvårdnadsåtgärd för personer med demens: En litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Music as a nursing measure for patients with dementia : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Demens är en samlingsterm för sjukdomar som drabbar människors kognitiva funktioner i hjärnan. Demenssjukdomar degenererar långsamt och är en irreversibel sjukdom. När sjukdomen pågått en tid blir det svårt för personerna med demens att orientera sig i tid och rum, att minnas, sköta sin hygien och att äta blir vardagliga problem. Den kognitiva försämringen leder till kommunikationssvårigheter som ofta medför att personer med demens lätt blir agiterade och kan upplevas motsträviga av omgivningen. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva effekter av musik som omvårdnadsåtgärd för personer med demens. Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie med induktiv ansats har genomförts. Resultat: Tio vetenskapliga artiklar från databaserna CINAHL, PubMed och PsycINFO användes i litteraturstudien. Musik i olika former bidrar till emotionella effekter som goda relationer mellan personer med demens och sjuksköterskor och positiva känslor. Musik ger även kognitiva effekter som bibehållet minne och förbättrad kommunikation. Konklusion: De mest anmärkningsvärda effekterna av musik som framkommer i litteraturstudien är den ömsesidiga glädjen mellan personen med demens och sjuksköterskan. Denna ömsesidiga glädje bidrar till god relation, ökat välmående och meningsfullhet.

Abstract [en]

Background:Dementia is an umbrella term for diseases that affect human cognitive functions in the brain. Dementia slowly degenerates and is an irreversible disease. When the disease has been going on for a while, it becomes difficult for the person with dementia to orient themselves in time and space, to remember, take care of their hygiene and to eat becomes everyday problems. The cognitive impairment leads to communication difficulties that often mean that person with dementia are easily agitated and can be experienced reluctantly by the environment. Aim:The aim of the study was to describe the effects of music as a nursing measure for person with dementia.Method:A general literature study with inductive approach has been carried out. Result:Ten scientific articles from the databases CINAHL, PubMed and PsycINFO were used in the literature study. Music in various forms contributes to emotional effects such as good relationships between person with dementia and nurses and positive emotions. Music also provides cognitive effects such as retained memory and improved communication. Conclusion:The most notable effects of music emerging from the literature study are the mutual joy between the person with dementia and the nurse. This mutual joy contributes to good relationship, increased well-being and meaningfulness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Music, nursing, person with dementia, effects
Keywords [sv]
Musik, omvårdnad, personer med demens, effekter
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39334OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-39334DiVA, id: diva2:1314793
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-05-10 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-05-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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