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Bikini Fitness-atleters erfarenheter och upplevelser av kroppsuppfattning kopplat till sporten och tävling
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Bikini Fitness athletes experience of body image associated with the sport and competition (English)
Abstract [sv]

En negativ kroppsuppfattning är vanligare bland kvinnliga atleter inom sporter som kräver låg kroppsvikt och/eller kroppsfettprocent än övriga populationen (Goldfield, 2009; Kong & Harris, 2015). Kroppsmissnöje kan leda till ohälsosamma beteenden som överdriven träning, störda ätbeteenden eller dietbeteenden för att förändra kroppen samt undvikande beteenden (Grogan, 2006).Syftet med den befintliga studien var att undersöka Bikini Fitness-atleters erfarenheter och upplevelser av kroppsuppfattning kopplat till sporten och tävling. Sammanlagt deltog sex kvinnliga Bikini Fitness-atleter från södra Sverige i åldrarna 23–27 år (M=25, SD=1,29), som samtliga intervjuades individuellt i cirka 60 minuter. I studien av kvalitativ design analyserades den insamlade data genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys utifrån riktlinjer av Lundman och Hällgren-Graneheim (2012). Resultatet visade att det fanns erfarenheter av kroppsmissnöje relaterat till Bikini Fitness, då deltagarna rapporterade upplevelser som kan relateras till positiv men också negativ kroppsuppfattning. Detta stämde överens med tidigare forskning som konstaterat kroppsmissnöje bland atleter inom kroppsbyggnadssporten (Chaba, D’Arripe-Longueville, Scoffier-Mériaux & Lentillon-Kaestner, 2018).Den aktuella studien kan eventuellt bidra med meningsfull kunskap gällande Bikini Fitness-atleters upplevelser av kroppsuppfattning relaterat till sporten och tävling samt bidra till en djupare förståelse för Bikini Fitness som disciplin, hur deltagare i sporten upplever de olika momenten och perioderna samt när de behöver extra socialt stöd.

Abstract [en]

A negative body image is more common among female athletes in leanness-sports compared to the general population (Goldfield, 2009; Kong & Harris, 2015). Body dissatisfaction can lead to unhealthy behaviors like excessive exercise, disordered eating or dieting to change the body and avoidance (Grogan, 2006).The aim of the current study was to examine Bikini Fitness athlete’s experience of body image associated with the sport and competition. Totally six female Bikini Fitness athletes of age 23-27 (M=25, SD=1,29) from southern Sweden participated in an individual interview of approximately 60 minutes. In the qualitative study, the data was analysed in a qualitative content analysis by guidelines of Lundman and Hällgren-Graneheim (2012). The result showed that the athletes experienced body dissatisfaction related to Bikini Fitness and reported experiences related to both a positive and a negative body image. Moreover, the result was in line with previous research that discovered body dissatisfaction among athletes in the physique sport(Chaba et al., 2018). The current study may contribute with meaningful knowledge regarding Bikini Fitness-athlete’s experiences of body image related to the sport and competition. Also, to create a deeper understanding of Bikini Fitness as a discipline and how the different elements and periods is experienced by the athletes in the sport and when they need extra social support.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 44
Keywords [en]
Bikini Fitness, Body Building, Body dissatisfaction, Body image, Sport
Keywords [sv]
Bikini Fitness, Kroppsbyggnad, Kroppsmissnöje, Kroppsuppfattning, Sport
National Category
Psychology Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39288OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-39288DiVA, id: diva2:1307561
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Sport Science - Sport and Exercise Psychology, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-05-22 Created: 2019-04-28 Last updated: 2019-05-22Bibliographically approved

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