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Effects of Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) on Sport-Specific Dispositional Mindfulness, Emotion Regulation, and Self-Rated Athletic Performance in a Multiple-Sport Population: an RCT Study
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.
Faculty of Health, Science, and Technology, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
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2019 (English)In: Mindfulness, ISSN 1868-8527, E-ISSN 1868-8535, Vol. 10, no 8, p. 1518-1529Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

The aim of the study was to examine mediating effects of emotion regulation and sport-specific dispositional mindfulness on self-rated athletic training performance, following the Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment (MAC) intervention, compared to a Psychological Skills Training (PST) control group.

Methods

Sixty-nine competitive elite athletes who did not have any prior experience with mindfulness- and acceptance-based exercises, were recruited and randomly assigned into either a MAC group or a traditional PST group. Latent growth curve analyses were performed to examine longitudinal relationships among the study variables. Mediation analyses were conducted to test if the growth trajectory of each of the proposed mediators mediated the relationship between the intervention and perceived performance (measured at T3).

Results

Findings showed that the MAC intervention had an indirect effect on self-rated athletic training performance through changes in dispositional mindfulness and emotion regulation respectively. Further, the MAC-group obtained greater post-test improvements in athletic mindfulness, emotion regulation abilities, and perceived performance compared to the PST group.

Conclusions

Overall, findings suggest that dispositional athletic mindfulness and emotion regulation may function as important mechanisms in MAC, and that the MAC approach is a more effective intervention compared to the PST condition in reducing emotion regulation difficulties, as well as enhancing sport-relevant mindfulness skills and perceived athletic training performance in elite sport.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: Springer, 2019. Vol. 10, no 8, p. 1518-1529
Keywords [en]
Emotion regulation, MAC, Mediation analysis, Mindfulness, Mindfulness-acceptance-commitment, Performance, PST
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-39189DOI: 10.1007/s12671-019-01098-7ISI: 000473450900006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-39189DiVA, id: diva2:1301650
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, D2016-0037
Note

Funding: the Swedish Research Council for Sport Science (D2016-0037/P2016-0146) and from the Center of Research on Welfare, Health, and Sport, Halmstad University, Sweden

Available from: 2019-04-02 Created: 2019-04-02 Last updated: 2019-07-30Bibliographically approved

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Josefsson, TorbjörnIvarsson, AndreasLindwall, MagnusTornberg, RasmusBöröy, Jan

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