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Wind Turbines from the Swedish Wind Energy Program and the Subsequent Commercialization Attempts – A Historical Review
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9982-5317
2019 (English)In: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 12, no 4, article id 690Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper summarizes wind turbines of Swedish origin, 50 kW and above. Both the large governmental-funded prototypes from the early 1980s and following attempts to build commercial turbines are covered. After the 1973 oil crisis, a development program for wind turbine technology was initiated in Sweden, culminating in the early 1980s with the 2 and 3-MW machines at Maglarp and Näsudden. However, government interest declined, and Sweden soon lost its position as one of the leading countries regarding wind turbine development. Nevertheless, several attempts to build commercial wind turbines in Sweden were made in the following decades. Most attempts have, like the earlier prototypes, used a two-bladed rotor, which has become synonymous with the Swedish wind turbine development line. The current ongoing Swedish endeavors primarily focus on the niche-concept of vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs), which is a demonstration of how far from the broad commercial market of Sweden has moved. Thus far, none of the Swedish attempts have been commercially successful, and unlike countries like Denmark or Germany, Sweden currently has no large wind turbine producer. Suggested reasons include early government interventions focusing on two-bladed prototypes and political disinterest, with wind power grants cut in half by 1985, and the domestic industry not being favored in government policies for deploying wind power.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: MDPI, 2019. Vol. 12, no 4, article id 690
Keywords [en]
wind power, Swedish wind energy research program, wind power history
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38966DOI: 10.3390/en12040690ISI: 000460667700116Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85061969896OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-38966DiVA, id: diva2:1290574
Available from: 2019-02-20 Created: 2019-02-20 Last updated: 2020-01-31Bibliographically approved

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Möllerström, Erik

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Citation style
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