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Sjuksköterskans insatser vid undernäring hos äldre: En litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses intervention for malnutrition in the elderly : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

De flesta sjuksköterskor kommer att i sitt arbetsliv möta äldre som är undernärda eller har risk för undernäring. Professionen har därför ett ansvar att identifiera äldre med undernäring och vidta evidensbaserade åtgärder. Syftet var att undersöka hur sjuksköterskan kan påverka nutritionsstatus hos äldre med undernäring. Studien utfördes som en allmän litteraturstudie med induktiv ansats. Resultatet baserades på nio artiklar. Tre kategorier framkom: Bedömning av nutritionsstatus, Tvärprofessionellt samarbete och Stödja den äldre. Samarbete mellan sjuksköterskor och olika professioner identifierades som en viktig faktor för att öka kunskapen om äldres näringsstatus. Arbetet strukturerades genom att använda bedömningsinstrument och på så sätt skapades en helhetsbild av den äldres hälsa. Sjuksköterskors rätta kunskap om nutrition anses vara betydelsefullt för att förbättra nutritionsstatus bland äldre. Detta kan genomföras genom att vidta åtgärder som stödjer den äldre genom att anpassa kosten efter individen, ge sällskap, energi- och proteinberikning samt uppföljning av matvanor.

Abstract [en]

Nurses encounter of aged people who are malnourished or at risk of nutritional deficiency is expected in their line of work. The profession therefore has a responsibility to identify elderly with malnutrition and to take evidence based measures. The aim of this paper was to investigate how nurses can affect nutritional status in elderly people with malnutrition. The study was conducted as a general literature study with an inductive approach. The result was based on nine articles. Three categories were formed: Assessment of nutrition status, Multidisciplinary cooperation and, Supporting the Elderly. Collaboration between the nurse and other professions was identified as an important factor in increasing knowledge about the elderly's nutritional status. By using assessment tools, the work was structured and an overall picture of the elderly's health was created. Nursing's correct knowledge of nutrition is considered important for improving nutritional status among the elderly. Prevention of malnutrition can be accomplished by taking measures that support the elderly by providing: individually adapted diets, company, energy and protein enrichment, and following up on eating habits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 15
Keywords [sv]
Nutrition, Omvårdnad, Undernäring, Äldre
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38632OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-38632DiVA, id: diva2:1271485
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-12-17 Created: 2018-12-17 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf