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Erfarenheter av stöd hos patienter som behandlas med hemodialys
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Hemodialysbehandling innebär omfattande omställningar för patienter. Livet ställs på ända och kan endast hållas ihop med hjälp av stöd i olika former. Patientens behov av stöd skiftar beroende på situation och över tid, varför det är viktigt att stödet är kontinuerligt och behovsbaserat. Syftet med studien var att belysa erfarenheter av stöd hos patienter som behandlas med hemodialys. Perspektiv på stöd analyserades med utgångspunkt i hur patienter beskrev något som underlättade hemodialys och omställningarna behandlingen innebar. En allmän litteraturstudie genomfördes där tio kvalitativa artiklar analyserades. Databearbetning utmynnade i två kategorier som skildrade erfarenheter av stöd hos patienter som genomgick hemodialys. Huvudkategorierna var Trygghet och Bekräftelse med underkategorierna Att få tillgång till information, Att vara oberoende, Att motta tröst och Att bli uppmuntrad. Stödåtgärder som fokuserade på patientens mål och behov istället för enbart på patientens medicinska behov var viktigast. Information framstod som ett återkommande tema. Det framkom i samtliga kategorier men i olika stödsammanhang. I övrigt framträdde stödåtgärder som främjade självständighet, flexibilitet, samhörighet med andra, behovsanpassad kunskap samt relationer som essentiella för patienterna. För att kunna ge individanpassat stöd krävs förmåga att se hela människan och dess omvårdnadsbehov. Mer forskning kring individanpassat stöd framstår som nödvändigt för ökad kunskap.

Abstract [en]

Hemodialysis treatment involves extensive changes for patients. Life is turned upside down and can only be held together with support in different forms. The patient's need for support changes with the situation and over time, why it's important that support is continuous and need-based. The aim of the study was to illuminate the experience of support in patients treated with hemodialysis. Experience of support was analyzed on the basis of how patients described something that facilitated hemodialysis and the changes the treatment involved. A general literature study was conducted where ten qualitative articles were analyzed. Data processing resulted in two categories that described perspective of support in patients undergoing hemodialysis. The main categories were Safety and Confirmation as well as subcategories To gain access to information, To be independent, To receive consolation and To be encouraged. Support measures that allowed patient's goals and needs to be center of focus instead of the patient's medical needs were judged most important. Information emerged as a recurring theme. It appeared in all categories but in different support situations. Further, support measures that promoted independence, flexibility, coherence with other, personalized knowledge and relationships stood out as essential to the patients. In order to provide personalized support, the ability to see the whole person and its nursing needs is required. More research on individualized support appears necessary for increased knowledge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
Hemodialysis, patients, support, experience
Keywords [sv]
Hemodialys, patienter, stöd, erfarenhet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-38225OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-38225DiVA, id: diva2:1258951
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Presentation
(Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-10-30 Created: 2018-10-26 Last updated: 2018-10-30Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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