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Kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med ärftlig risk för bröst- och äggstockscancer: Att vänta på en cancerdiagnos
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Women’s experience of living with a hereditary risk for breast- and ovarian cancer : To wait for a cancer diagnosis (English)
Abstract [sv]

Det föreligger en ökad risk för att utveckla bröst- och äggstockscancer om kvinnan bär på mutation i BRöstCAncergen1 eller BRöstCAncergen2. Kvinnan ställs inför svåra beslut som kommer att påverka hälsan över tid. Syftet var att genom en allmänlitteraturstudie undersöka kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med den ärftliga mutationen i BRöstCAncergen1 eller BRöstCAncergen2. Efter en systematisk litteratursökning framkom 15 resultatartiklar, i dessa identifierades två kategorier med tillhörande underkategorier, Osäkerhet: rädsla för cancer och förändrad kroppsuppfattning samt Hanterbarhet: tankar om framtiden, stöd och acceptans. Genom att bära på genmutationen upplever kvinnorna att de befinner sig i ett livshotande tillstånd där den ökade risken för cancer skapar osäkerhet. Besluten är komplexa vilket ökar informationsbehovet hos kvinnorna, det framkom att informationen ansågs bristfällig. I denna process är det viktigt att sjuksköterskan ser kvinnan bakom genmutationen och tillämpar personcentrerad omvårdnad. Vidare forskning kring kvinnors upplevelse behövs, då behoven inte ansågs vara uppfyllda.

Detta skulle ge förutsättningar för sjuksköterskor att erbjuda en mer personcentrerad omvårdnad.

Abstract [en]

There is an increased risk of developing breast- or ovarian cancer if a woman carries the deleterious mutation in BReastCAncer gene1 or BReastCAncer gene2. The woman faces severe decisions that will affect her health over time. The aim of this literature review was to investigate how women experience living with a genetic mutation in BReastCAncer gene1 or BReastCAncer gene2. After a systematic literature search, 15 results were found, in which two categories were identified with associated subcategories, uncertainty: fear of cancer and changed body perception, and manageability: thoughts about the future, support and acceptance. By carrying the genetic mutation women find themselves in a life-threatening condition where their increased risk of cancer creates uncertainty. The decisions are complex, which increases the information needs of the women. It was found that the information was considered to be insufficient. In this process it of great importance that the nurse sees the woman behind the genetic mutation and applies person-centered nursing. Further research on women's experience is required, since the needs were not considered to be met. This would provide better conditions for nurses to offer a person-centered care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 17
Keywords [en]
BRCA1, BRCA2, women, woman, mutation, nursing, experience, genetic
Keywords [sv]
BRCA1, BRCA2, kvinna, kvinnor, mutation, omvårdnad, upplevelse, ärftlig
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36728OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-36728DiVA, id: diva2:1204103
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-05-24 Created: 2018-05-06 Last updated: 2018-05-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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More styles
Language
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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