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Economic poverty among children and adolescents in the Nordic countries
Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2631-2825
Department of Health Promotion and Development, Faculty of Psychology, Bergen University, Bergen, Norway.
Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark.
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2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 46, no Suppl. 20, p. 30-37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: This study aimed to identify applied definitions and measurements of economic poverty and to explore the proportions and characteristics of children and adolescents living in economic poverty in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden during the last decade and to compare various statistics between the Nordic countries.

Methods: Official data from central national authorities on statistics, national reports and European Union Statistics of income and living conditions data were collected and analysed during 2015–2016.

Results: The proportion of Nordic children living in economic poverty in 2014 ranged from 9.4% in Norway to 18.5% in Sweden. Compared with the European Union average, from 2004 to 2014 Nordic families with dependent children experienced fewer difficulties in making their money last, even though Icelandic families reported considerable difficulties. The characteristics of children living in economic poverty proved to be similar in the five countries and were related to their parents’ level of education and employment, single-parent households and – in Denmark, Norway and Sweden – to immigrant background. In Finland, poverty among children was linked in particular to low income in employed households.

Conclusions: This study showed that economic poverty among Nordic families with dependent children has increased during the latest decade, but it also showed that poverty rates are not necessarily connected to families’ ability to make their money last. Therefore additional studies are needed to explore existing policies and political commitments in the Nordic countries to compensate families with dependent children living in poverty. © 2018, © Author(s) 2018.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2018. Vol. 46, no Suppl. 20, p. 30-37
Keywords [en]
Children, adolescents, economic poverty, social inequality, children’s rights, Nordic countries
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36514DOI: 10.1177/1403494817743894PubMedID: 29552966Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85044149107OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-36514DiVA, id: diva2:1192955
Available from: 2018-03-24 Created: 2018-03-24 Last updated: 2018-04-05Bibliographically approved

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Regber, Susann

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