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Hälsofrämjande arbete med patienter i primärvården som besväras av stressrelaterad ohälsa: En litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Health promotion as approach to support primary health care patients with stress-related ill health : A literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Stressrelaterad ohälsa ses idag som ett folkhälsoproblem. Många patienter söker sig i första hand till distriktssköterskor i primärvården för dessa hälsoproblem. Syfte: Att belysa de faktorer av betydelse i det hälsofrämjande arbetet för patienter i primärvården som besväras av stressrelaterad ohälsa. Metod: En integrativ litteraturstudie med granskning och analys av kvantitativa och kvalitativa vetenskapliga artiklar samt artiklar som utgjorts av mixad metod. Analysen har följt en stegvis analys som utmynnat i att textenheter med liknande innebörd bildat kategorier och underkategorier. Resultat: Studien baseras på 16 vetenskapliga artiklar och resulterade i två kategorier: betydelsen av fysiska faktorer och betydelsen av psykologiska faktorer som berör olika hälsofrämjande metoder och insatser. Sammanfattningsvis kan patienter i primärvården som besväras av stressrelaterad ohälsa bemötas av distriktssköterska som ger vägledning och rådgivning. Patienter kan sedan implementera dessa råd och stöd i sin vardag för att minska sin upplevda stress. För att kunna arbeta hälsofrämjande och förebyggande mot stressrelaterad ohälsa behöver distriktssköterskan nationella riktlinjer och ökad utbildning inom området. Denna litteraturstudie skulle kunna ligga till grund för vidare forskning inom området.

Abstract [en]

Background: Stress-related ill health is seen as a public health problem today. Many patients seek primary health care nurses in the primary health care sector for these health problems. Purpose: To highlight the factors of importance in the health promotion of primary health care patients who are bothered by stress-related ill health. Method: An integrative literature study with the examination and analysis of quantitative and qualitative scientific articles as well as articles made by mixed method. The analysis has followed a step-by-step analysis that resulted in the fact that text units with similar meanings form themes. Result: The study is based on 16 scientific articles and resulted in two categories: the importance of physical factors and the importance of psychological factors that affect different health promotion methods and interventions. In summary, patients in primary care who are bothered by stress-related ill health can be treated by district nurses who provide guidance and counseling. Patients can then implement these advice and support in their daily lives to reduce their perceived stress. In order to be able to promote health promotion and prevention of stress-related ill health, the district nurse needs national guidelines and increased education in the area. This literature study could form the basis for further research in the field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 16
Keyword [en]
Patient, primary health care, stress, stress management, stress reduction
Keyword [sv]
Hälsofrämjande, patient, primärvård, stress, stresshantering, stressreducering
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36303OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-36303DiVA, id: diva2:1183169
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Primary Health Care Specialist Nursing, 75 credits
Presentation
2018-02-15, 18:09 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-16 Created: 2018-02-15 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved

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