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Orsaker till att vårdnadshavare avböjer att vaccinera sina döttrar mot humant papillomvirus
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Reasons why parents decline to vaccinate their daughters against human papillomavirus (English)
Abstract [sv]

Humant papillomvirus är ett mycket vanligt förekommande sexuellt överförbart virus som kan orsaka allvarliga sjukdomar såsom livmoderhalscancer. I Sverige vaccineras flickor i årskurs 5 – 6, vars vårdnadshavare har gett sitt skriftliga samtycke, mot humant papillomavirus via skolsköterskan. Vaccinet har minskat förekomsten av livmoderhalscancer. För att minska antalet dödsfall i denna sjukdom är det av stor vikt att uppnå hög vaccinationstäckning hos flickor före tonåren. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa orsaker till att vårdnadshavare avböjer vaccination mot humant papillomvirus till sina döttrar. Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie med integrativ ansats. Resultatet baserades på 19 artiklar. Orsakerna till att vårdnadshavarna avböjer att vaccinera sina döttrar mot humant papillomvirus resulterade i sex teman: oro för vaccinets säkerhet; bristande kunskap; otillräcklig information; otydliga rekommendationer; värderingar och övertygelser; misstro gentemot myndigheter. Skolsköterskor bör utbildas och fördjupa sin kunskap om humant papillomvirus och om vaccinet för att förmå framföra korrekt och adekvat information. Detta kan minska vårdnadshavarnas oro, vilket i sin tur kan leda till att täckningsgraden ökar och folkhälsan förbättras.

Abstract [en]

Human papillomavirus is a very common sexually transmitted virus that can cause serious diseases such as cervical cancer. In Sweden, vaccination against human papillomavirus is administered by the school nurse to girls in grades 5 – 6 whose parents have given their written consent. The vaccine has shown to reduce the incidence of cervical cancer. In order to reduce the number of deaths in this disease it is very important to achieve high vaccination coverage in adolescent girls. The purpose of the literature study was to highlight the reasons why parents decline human papillomavirus vaccination for their daughters. The study was conducted as a literature study with an integrative approach. The result was based on 19 articles. The reasons why parents decline vaccination for their daughters resulted in six themes: concern about the safety of the vaccine; lack of knowledge; insufficient information; unclear recommendations; values and beliefs; distrust of authorities. School nurses should receive further education and improve their knowledge about human papillomavirus and the vaccination in order to provide accurate and adequate information. This can reduce parents’ concerns, which in turn can increase coverage and improve public health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 64
Keywords [en]
Health Promotion Model, human papillomavirus, parent, school nurse, vaccination
Keywords [sv]
Health Promotion Model, humant papillomavirus, skolsköterska, vaccination, vårdnadshavare
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36291OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-36291DiVA, id: diva2:1182759
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Primary Health Care Specialist Nursing, 75 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-14 Created: 2018-02-14 Last updated: 2018-02-14Bibliographically approved

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File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 856 kBChecksum SHA-512
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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More styles
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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