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Patienters erfarenheter av egenvård vid hjärtsvikt
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients experience of self-care related to heart failure (English)
Abstract [sv]

Hjärtsvikt påverkar patienters dagliga liv och kräver ofta inläggning på sjukhus. Egenvård utförs av patienten och kan leda till en bättre hälsa och ett bättre liv. Genom att beskriva patienternas erfarenheter av faktorer som påverkar egenvård ökar sjuksköterskans kunskap kring hur patienten kan bistås i utförandet av egenvård. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva patientens erfarenheter av faktorer som påverkar egenvård vid hjärtsvikt. Metoden som användes var allmän litteraturstudie med induktiv ansats. Resultatet visade på att faktorer som påverkar egenvård vid hjärtsvikt var kunskap om sjukdomen samt om hur kroppen fungerar för att kunna vidta korrekta åtgärder vid symtom eller försämring. Genom att besitta kunskap om sjukdomstillståndet skapades det en känsla av kontroll hos patienterna, vilket skapade en bättre självkänsla som medförde att patienterna kunde fatta egna beslut om och utföra egenvård. Utöver kunskap var det viktigt att få stöd och motivation från familj och sjukvårdspersonal för att kunna utföra egenvård. Det krävs mer forskning på hur yngre personer med hjärtsvikt upplever sin livssituation för att kunna erbjuda rätt stöd i egenvård för den här patientgruppen.

Abstract [en]

Heart failure affects a patient’s daily life and sometimes, hospital care is needed. A patient can use self-care to improve their health and create a more satisfying life for themselves. Nurses can gain knowledge, concerning how to assist patients in their self-care, by listening and being receptive to the patients’ different experiences and thoughts on self-care. The aim of the literature review was to describe patients’ experiences of factors that affects self-care in heart failure. A literature review with an inductive approach has been applied. The result showed that factors affecting self-care concerning heart failure were knowledge, of the disease and the human body, to be able to institute accurate actions when symptoms arises, or the patient deteriorates. By gaining knowledge of the medical condition, the patient experienced a sense of control over their lives and their disease. This resulted in a better self-esteem, which made it easier for patients to implement self-care, and make their own decisions. In addition to knowledge, support and motivation were needed for the patient to be able to perform self-care. More research is needed on how younger people with heart failure experience their life situation to provide the right support in self-care for this patient group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 15
Keyword [en]
Experience, Heart failure, Patient and Self-care.
Keyword [sv]
Egenvård, Erfarenhet, Hjärtsvikt och Patient
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36131OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-36131DiVA, id: diva2:1176602
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-23 Created: 2018-01-22 Last updated: 2018-01-23Bibliographically approved

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File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 546 kBChecksum SHA-512
c6bc7551ef3e690579791a9edd628d3a0b1f630fe1ef08683c3d39bf1747b248051d087ca8c593dd9a022d0636a2d3593c122c447277f3612b2c8388663878cc
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf