hh.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Moderating effects of gender and age within the mechanisms of the self-determination theory process model: Examining exercise motivation in a digital context
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4608-7300
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Sport.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0990-4842
University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology (JSEP), ISSN 0895-2779, E-ISSN 1543-2904, Vol. 39, no Suppl. 1, p. 330-330Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Exercise-related goals and values are likely to differ between people based on factors such as gender, age and culture, and there are reasons to believe that the mechanisms between motivation and exercise behavior presented in the self-determination theory (SDT) process model also could vary as a function of such influences.

This study is part of a digital exercise intervention (see Weman-Josefsson et al., 2016) in a sample of 318 adult women (n = 278) and men (n = 40) aged 23-67 years (M = 46.7; SD = 9.4) joining a digital work-site based step contest. Behavioral regulations, psychological need satisfaction and exercise behavior was measured using a three wave web based questionnaire (T1 = baseline; T2 = post-intervention, week 3; and T3 = follow up, week 6). Moderation analyses were done in the SPSS macro PROCESS using a bootstrapping resampling approach.

The moderation analyses showed gender and age differences in the relations of behavioral regulations, psychological need satisfaction and exercise behavior within the SDT process model. Controlled motivation was for example a significant positive predictor for exercise in men showing external regulation at T2 to moderate the relation between psychological need satisfaction and exercise in men (beta = 11.29, p < .01) at T3 in appositive direction, while this path was negative and non-significant for women. Also Intrinsic regulation at T2 positively predicted relatedness need satisfaction for women at the same time-point (beta = 0.47, p < .05), but this path was negative and non-significant for men. In terms of age differences, the negative association between external regulation at T2 and strenuous exercise at T3 was stronger and significant for older adults compared to middle-aged adults (beta = -8.90, p < .01) and was positive (but non-significant) for younger adults.

We found gender and age to moderate several paths of the self-determination process model, suggesting more comprehensive analyses of potential moderators in exercise behavior to be an interesting avenue for future studies. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2017. Vol. 39, no Suppl. 1, p. 330-330
Keywords [en]
exercise, moderation, gender, age, self-determination, motivation
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-36032DiVA, id: diva2:1170855
Conference
North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA) Annual Conference, San Diego, California, USA, June 5-8, 2017
Note

Poster

Available from: 2018-01-04 Created: 2018-01-04 Last updated: 2018-07-05Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Abstract Book

Authority records BETA

Weman Josefsson, KarinJohnson, Urban

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Weman Josefsson, KarinJohnson, Urban
By organisation
Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI)Health and Sport
In the same journal
Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology (JSEP)
Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 128 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf