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Literature Review of the impacts of riparian vegetation on stream chemistry
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Water quality in streams around the world continues to be degraded by a series of human activities that feed pollutants into the vulnerable stream ecosystem via surface and subsurface runoff. This continues to accelerate global biodiversity and habitat losses within the stream environments and across entire watersheds with net adverse effects on public health and the ability of communities and ecosystems to adapt or become resilient to the prevalent impacts of climate change. One commonly used approach for protecting stream water from pollution is the use of vegetated riparian buffer zones to mitigate pollutants in surface and subsurface runoff prior to runoff entry into the stream channel. The optimal success of this approach requires land and water resource managers to understand the mechanisms by which riparian buffer zones function and the full range of factors that influence the effectiveness of riparian buffer vegetation in abating stream water pollution. Despite this need, resource managers in different geographical locations around the world still struggle to understand the linkages between riparian vegetation and stream chemical quality. This literature review therefore sought to synthesize findings from various scientific articles on the ways in which the major attributes of riparian vegetation [type, age, width, restoration and shading effect] influence the effectiveness of riparian vegetation in protecting the chemical quality of water in streams. This was aimed at generating conclusions and perspectives that could improve academic knowledge and natural resource managers’ understanding of the intricate linkage between riparian vegetation and changes in water chemistry. The study finds that the factors of riparian vegetation type, age, width, restoration and shading effects require due consideration in the development of riparian buffer zone and stream water chemical quality management interventions. I find that these factors require a high degree of integration, triangulation and context-specificity to achieve the objectives of riparian management intervention. I further find that stream water quality decision-making processes need to combine riparian vegetation-based approaches with other measures for mitigating and containing the spillage of pollutants at the source.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 39 p.
Keyword [en]
Water quality, streams, surface runoff, subsurface runoff, watersheds, climate change, riparian buffer, riparian vegetation type, riparian vegetation age, riparian vegetation width and riparian restoration, shading effect, chemical quality
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35206OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-35206DiVA: diva2:1149919
Subject / course
Environmental Science
Educational program
Master's Programme in Applied Environmental Science
Presentation
2017-08-29, Halmstad, 13:00 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Note

Presentation was conducted via Skype

Available from: 2017-11-09 Created: 2017-10-17 Last updated: 2017-11-09Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(1041 kB)45 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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