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Is perceived autonomy support provided by a coach related to the frequency of injury preventative behavior among elite golfers?
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, The Rydberg Laboratory for Applied Sciences (RLAS).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1184-5036
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
2017 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Research has shown that perceived autonomy support can have an indirect effect on behaviors via autonomous motivation (Hagger & Chatzisarantis, 2015). This indirect effect has, for example, been found in relation to injury preventive behaviors within sport (Chan & Hagger, 2012). Overuse and acute injuries are a common problem among golfers (McHardy & Pollard, 2005) and exploring factors that might increase the frequency of preventive behaviors is warranted. The aim of the study was to investigate if perceived autonomy support from the coach has an indirect effect on the self-reported frequency of injury preventive behaviors via the level of autonomous motivation. A total of 59 elite golfers, (handicap M=-1.2, SD=4.9, age M=21, SD=5.5), completed a questionnaire with questions related to autonomy support from the coach, autonomous motivation for injury prevention, and the frequency of five injury preventive behaviors (e.g., how often do you ask for advice about injury preventive exercises, how often to you train to improve your physiological status). A mediation analysis, using Hayes (2012) process macro in SPSS 20.0, was performed. The results showed that perceived autonomy support and autonomous motivation could explain 45% of the variance in the frequency of preventive behaviors, F (1,56) = 22.71, p < .001. The result showed that perceived autonomy support had a statistically significant positive indirect effect on the frequency of preventive behaviors via autonomous motivation (ab = .16, 95% CI = 0.05-0.34, p<.05). Based on the results, coaches should consider giving feedback that supports autonomous motivation among golfers when aiming to encourage injury preventative behavior. Injury prevention programs should include strategies to improve the athlete’s autonomous motivation to carry out preventive activities. Future research should investigate the relationship between estimated and the objective frequency of injury prevention behavior. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35130DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.23857.68962OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-35130DiVA: diva2:1146429
Conference
The International Society of Sport Psychology 14th World Congress, Sevilla, Spain, 10-14 July, 2017
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2017-10-03 Created: 2017-10-03 Last updated: 2017-10-06Bibliographically approved

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Parker, JamesJohnson, UrbanIvarsson, Andreas

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