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Mindfulness Mechanisms in Sports: Mediating Effects of Rumination and Emotion Regulation on Sport-Specific Coping
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
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2017 (English)In: Mindfulness, ISSN 1868-8527, E-ISSN 1868-8535, Vol. 8, no 5, 1354-1363 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The main objective of the project was to examine a proposed theoretical model of mindfulness mechanisms in sports. We conducted two studies (the first study using a cross-sectional design and the second a longitudinal design) to investigate if rumination and emotion regulation mediate the relation between dispositional mindfulness and sport-specific coping. Two hundred and forty-two young elite athletes, drawn from various sports, were recruited for the cross-sectional study. For the longitudinal study, 65 elite athletes were recruited. All analyses were performed using Bayesian statistics. The path analyses showed credible indirect effects of dispositional mindfulness on coping via rumination and emotion regulation in both the cross-sectional study and the longitudinal study. Additionally, the results in both studies showed credible direct effects of dispositional mindfulness on rumination and emotion regulation. Further, credible direct effects of emotion regulation as well as rumination on coping were also found in both studies. Our findings support the theoretical model, indicating that rumination and emotion regulation function as essential mechanisms in the relation between dispositional mindfulness and sport-specific coping skills. Increased dispositional mindfulness in competitive athletes (i.e. by practicing mindfulness) may lead to reductions in rumination, as well as an improved capacity to regulate negative emotions. By doing so, athletes may improve their sport-related coping skills, and thereby enhance athletic performance. © The Author(s) 2017.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, NY: Springer-Verlag New York, 2017. Vol. 8, no 5, 1354-1363 p.
Keyword [en]
coping, emotion regulation, mindfulness, performance, rumination, sport
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-34964DOI: 10.1007/s12671-017-0711-4ISI: 000411241000022Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85029680696OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-34964DiVA: diva2:1141628
Funder
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, D2016-0037/ P2016-0146
Available from: 2017-09-15 Created: 2017-09-15 Last updated: 2017-10-05Bibliographically approved

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Josefsson, TorbjörnIvarsson, AndreasLindwall, MagnusBöröy, JanMattsson, Emil
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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
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