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Jagets plats i barnavårdsutredningar: En kvalitativ vinjettstudie kring socialarbetarens tillämpning av subjektiv kunskap
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The use of self in social work of child protection : A qualitative vignette study about the application of subjective knowledge by social workers (English)
Abstract [sv]

Det sociala arbetet med barn och unga är komplext. Rådande kunskap beskriver framförallt om de mest omfattande insatserna; omhändertaganden och placeringar av barn. Medan vi funnit mindre forskning kring vilka faktorer som har verkan i bedömningar och beslut om insatser. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka betydelsen av socialarbetarens användning av jaget i barnavårdsutredningar samt bidra till en ökad förståelse för hur subjektiv kunskap verkar i bedömnings- och beslutsprocesser. Författarna har för detta ändamål använt sig utav en kvalitativ vinjett med kompletterande semistrukturerad intervju. Utifrån empirin har författarna tolkat de sju intervjupersoners utsagor i relation till Webers teori om idealbyråkrati, Hasenfelds teori om människobehandlande organisationer, Lipskys teori kring gräsrotsbyråkrater samt Lundquist teori om autonomi. I resultatet framkom att socialarbetaren har stor handlingsfrihet i sitt arbete med barn och unga samt att de i hög utsträckning använder sig av intuition och tidigare erfarenheter. Hur socialarbetaren är som person har stor betydelse för hur denne väljer att nyttja det handlingsutrymme som ges. Resultatet visar även att socialarbetare med längre erfarenhet i högre grad än socialarbetare med kort erfarenhet förlitar sig på subjektiv kunskap i sitt arbete. Vår uppfattning är att jaget är ett viktigt verktyg i arbetet med barn och unga, och att det svarar mot den komplexitet som finns inbyggd i arbetet. Dock bör vikten av reflektion kring denna kunskapsanvändning understrykas.

Abstract [en]

The social work taking place in child protection is quite complex. The research that exists in today's scholarly literature mainly describes the most comprehensive efforts; taking children into custody and child placement. We have discovered a lack of research about the factors that have an affect on assessments and decision-making. The purpose of this study is therefore to study the meaning of use of self in social work, also to increase the understanding about how subjective knowledge acts in the assessment and decision-making processes. With that information place the subjective knowledge within a professional setting. To fulfill this purpose the authors used a qualitative vignette complemented with semi- structured interviews, and from those findings analysed the stories of the seven interviewees whilst relating them to Weber´s theory about ideal bureaucracy, Hasenfeld´s human service organizational theory, Lipsky´s theory on street-level bureaucracy and Lundquist´s theory about autonomy. The result show that social workers have great room for discretion in their work with child protection, also that they to a large extent utilise their intuition and past experiences. How a social worker is as a person has a big impact on how they choose to use their room for discretion. The result also show that social workers with more experience are more likely to lean on their subjective knowledge at work than a social worker with less experience. Our comprehension is that the self is an important tool when working with child protection, and that it corresponds to the built-in complexity present in the work. However, the importance of reflecting this knowledge should be emphasized.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 42 p.
Keyword [en]
Social work, Child Protection, room for discretion, use of self, decision-making in child protection
Keyword [sv]
Socialt arbete, barnavårdsutredning, handlingsutrymme, socialarbetarens jag, beslutsfattande
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-34355OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-34355DiVA: diva2:1115397
Subject / course
Society
Presentation
2017-06-26, 19:07 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-27 Created: 2017-06-26 Last updated: 2017-06-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf