hh.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Ungdomars strävan mot att lyckas och nå framgång i livet – skolan som hälsofrämjande arena
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8647-8299
2016 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Avhandlingens övergripande syfte var att öka kunskapen om perspektiv på ungdomars hälsa som utgångspunkt för att utveckla hälsofrämjande insatser i skolan.

Metod: Studie I hade en kvantitativ beskrivande tvärsnittsdesign. Datamaterialet inhämtades från 948 ungdomar (11-15 år) som analyserades med multivariat logistik regressionsanalys. Studie II hade en kvalitativ utforskande design. Datamaterialet inhämtades från 117 ungdomar (14-17 år) och analyserades med grundad teori. Studie III hade en kvalitativ beskrivande design. Datamatmaterialet inhämtades från 42 ungdomar (14-15 år) och analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Studie IV hade en kvalitativ beskrivande design. Datamaterialet inhämtades från 27 intressenter och analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat: Ungdomarna strävar mot att lyckas och att bli framgångsrika i nuet och i framtiden. En strävan som för ungdomarna upplevs som en kamp om sin tid, en kamp som de hanterar genom att använda sig av olika strategier för att balansera skolarbete och fritid. Flickors strävan handlar om att nå framgång i skolan för att bli självständig i framtiden. För pojkarna innebär framgång att bli framgångsrika inom någon av sina fritidsaktiviteter så som sport, som visar deras fysiska styrka. Framgång i nuet är av betydelse för pojkarna till skillnad från flickorna som ser på sin framgång i ett längre perspektiv. Det hälsofrämjande arbetet bör inrikta sig på att stödja ungdomars känsla av sammanhang och stärka optimism redan tidigt i tonåren samt synliggöra organisatoriska och kontextuella strukturer och normer som påverkar flickors och pojkars hälsa och livsstil.

Konklusion:Sammanfattningsvis visar avhandlingen att perspektiv på ungdomars hälsa bör förstås på olika nivåer i samhället och också inkluderar perspektiv på kön. Vidare bör faktorer som är av betydelse för ungdomars livsstil diskuteras utifrån ett salutogent perspektiv och det hälsofrämjande arbetet i skolan bör utveckla insatser med kontextuella och könsspecifika utgångspunkter för att främja flickors och pojkars hälsa och livsstil.

Abstract [en]

Aim: The overall aim of the dissertation was to gain greater knowledge about perspectives on adolescent´s health as a basis for developing actions to promote health in schools.

Methods: Study I had a quantitative, descriptive cross-sectional design, in which the data was collected from 948 adolescent (11-15 years old) and analyzed with multivariate logistic regression. Study II had a qualitative, investigative design, in which the data was collected from 117 adolescent (14-17 years old) and analyzed with Grounded Theory methodology. Study III had a qualitative, descriptive design, in which the data was collected from 42 adolescent (14-16 years old) and analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Study IV had a qualitative, descriptive design, in which the data was collected from 27 stakeholders and analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

Results: The adolescent aspire to make out and be successful both in the present and the future. This aspiration is experienced by the adolescent as a struggle about time, a struggle that they cope with by using various strategies to balance schoolwork and leisure. The girls’ aspiration is to achieve success in school in order to be independent in the future. Success, for the boys, entails being successful in one of their leisure activities such as sport, which demonstrates their physical strength. Success is of importance for the boys in the present, while on the other hand the girls view their success in a longer time perspective. The focus in health promotion should be aimed at supporting the adolescent´s sense of coherence, at strengthening their optimism early in their teenage years as well as making more visible the organizational and contextual structures and norms that affect the health and lifestyles of girls and boys.

Conclusions: In summary, the dissertation shows that perspectives on adolescent’s health should be understood at different levels in society and include a gender perspective. Furthermore, factors that are important for adolescent’s lifestyle should be discussed from a salutogenic perspective and the health promotion performed in schools should develop actions that have contextual and gender-specific points of departure in order to enhance the health and lifestyles of girls and boys.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Halmstad: Halmstad University Press, 2016. , 80 p.
Series
Halmstad University Dissertations, 31
Keyword [en]
Adolescent, optimism, school-related stress, health promotion, sense of coherence
Keyword [sv]
Ungdomar, optimism, skolrelaterad stress, hälsofrämjande arbete, känsla av sammanhang
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-34283ISBN: 978-91-87045-64-6 (print)ISBN: 978-91-87045-65-3 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-34283DiVA: diva2:1113234
Public defence
2017-06-16, Beartlingsalen, Hus J (Visionen), Kristian IV:s väg 3, Halmstad, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-06-28 Created: 2017-06-21 Last updated: 2017-06-28Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Exploring the role of optimism as a protective factor for adolescent quality of life
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the role of optimism as a protective factor for adolescent quality of life
Show others...
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study attempts to understand the role that optimism could play in the context of a health asset approach to promote (and protect) adolescent health related quality of life (HRQOL).  Two hypotheses were formulated, a) there is an association between adolescents’ self-rated optimism and pessimism and their HRQOL, (b) age, gender and socio-demographic characteristics influence this association. We explore optimism and pessimism as a bi-dimensional construct and its impact on HRQOL among adolescents in two age groups (11-13 years and 14-16 years). Adolescents answered a self-report questionnaire consisting of two validated scales for measuring HRQOL and the concepts of optimism and pessimism. This study has shown that optimism is an important protective factor for HRQOL and low levels of pessimism were also seen to be protective of HRQOL in both age groups.  This infers the potential of an optimistic orientation about future goals might function as a health asset during adolescence that could be useful in the planning of health promotion strategies.

Keyword
Health related quality of life, Transition to adulthood, Adolescence, Optimism, Pessimism, Family structure
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-34386 (URN)
Note

Som manuskript i avhandling. / As manuscript in dissertation.

Available from: 2017-06-28 Created: 2017-06-28 Last updated: 2017-06-28Bibliographically approved
2. Handling Demands of Success Among Girls and Boys in Primarly School: A Conceptual Model
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Handling Demands of Success Among Girls and Boys in Primarly School: A Conceptual Model
Show others...
2017 (English)In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 33, no 4, 316-325 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Stress among adolescents in Western societies is becoming an issue of increasing concern, and the global trend of adolescents’ health shows a gradual deterioration that is independent of national differences and increases with age. The aim of this study was to explore the main concern of adolescents and about how they cope with demands in everyday life. Participants were 14–16 years old, and data were collected from three sources. A constructivist grounded theory was used as a method for generating a model of the adolescents’ description of how they cope with demands in their everyday lives. The main concern described by participants in this study was to strive to be successful and to succeed in the present and throughout their lives. We conclude that differences between girls and boys, in terms of coping with demands in their everyday lives, are important to consider in the development of health promotion initiatives targeted at adolescents. © The Author(s) 2016

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2017
Keyword
adolescents, stress, coping, demand, gender, school nursing
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31727 (URN)10.1177/1059840516654743 (DOI)000406074800009 ()27311316 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding: municipality of Halmstad, Länsförsäkringar Halland and Ljungbergska foundation

Available from: 2016-08-09 Created: 2016-08-09 Last updated: 2017-08-08Bibliographically approved
3. Strategies of Adolescent Girls and Boys for Coping With School-Related Stress
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategies of Adolescent Girls and Boys for Coping With School-Related Stress
2016 (English)In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Stress among adolescents in Western societies is becoming an issue of increasing concern of adolescent’s health. The aim of this study was to gain greater knowledge about how girls and boys perceive and cope with school-related stress. Participants were 14- to 15-year-old adolescents from a medium-sized municipality in southern Sweden. The data were collected from focus group interviews. The data were subjected to qualitative content analysis. The findings show that adolescents ‘‘prioritizing the future or the present by making choices, finding their own private sphere to relax, and recovering with family and friends.’’ There were gender differences in how these strategies were used. The findings could be used for initiating and planning health promotion interventions in school with focus on supporting girls’ and boys’ equal terms to cope with school-related stress in present and for the future and to give equal condition for future studies and opportunities in life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2016
Keyword
adolescent, school-related stress, gender, well-being, school nursing
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-32176 (URN)10.1177/1059840516676875 (DOI)
Note

Funding: Municipality of Halmstad, Länsförsäkringar Halland & Ljungbergska foundation

Available from: 2016-10-10 Created: 2016-10-10 Last updated: 2017-06-21
4. A stakeholder perspective on adolescents' needs for support to cope with school-related stress
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A stakeholder perspective on adolescents' needs for support to cope with school-related stress
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background; Adolescents’ experiences of stress have increased in recent decades and is associated with an increase of psychosomatic symptoms and poorer academic achievement. Identification of ways to support adolescents’ handling of school related stress is a major challenge to promote their health and academic achievement. The purpose of this study was to describe the stakeholder’s perspectives on services that are needed for supporting adolescents in secondary school when coping with school-related stress.

Methods; Representatives from the school health service and school management organization (n=23) from five secondary schools and parents (n=4) were recruited by snowball sampling. Interviews were analyzed by qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach.  

Results; The study highlight different aspects of stakeholders’ perceptions of what is needed to support adolescents who experience school-related stress. Described are actions such as highlighting and changing organizational and contextual structures and developing the dialogue between the school and the home. Other described actions are to support adolescents’ abilities to plan and visualizing how time is used and to strengthen their adolescents’ belief in their own abilities.

Conclusions; Our findings could be used in schools for developing interventions from a salutogenic approach to promote adolescents’ health in the present and for the future.

Keyword
secondary school adolescent, coping, school-related stress
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-34385 (URN)
Note

Som manuskript i avhandling. / As manuscript in dissertation.

Available from: 2017-06-28 Created: 2017-06-28 Last updated: 2017-06-28Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Marie Wilhsson(2197 kB)17 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2197 kBChecksum SHA-512
b23c98d9751d4b6088198a0a2fd774b475d9c0b1cd44f0932dafa765e23c27c365bb03fc4d7eefa45b6536c5ca3b901e535d237fd1f15962d518db003fb471cc
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wilhsson, Marie
By organisation
Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI)
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 17 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 33 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf