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En av 36,7 miljoner: Att få en HIV diagnos
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
One of 36.7 million : Getting an HIV diagnosis (English)
Abstract [sv]

Trots att HIV numera är en välkänd sjukdom och miljontals människor världen över är drabbade, är det fortfarande en av världens mest stigmatiserade sjukdomar. Stigmatiseringen leder till att sjukdomen förknippas med både fördomar och skam, vilket påverkar människorna som årligen drabbas av sjukdomen. Syftet med denna kvalitativa litteraturstudie var att belysa patienters upplevelser av att få en HIV diagnos. Litteraturstudiens resultat baserades på nio stycken vetenskapliga artiklar som resulterade i följande sex teman: Upplevelser av chock, upplevelser av ilska och skuld, upplevelser av dödsångest, upplevelser av svårigheter vid avslöjandet av diagnosen för närstående, upplevelser av acceptans samt upplevelser av diagnosen som en positiv vändpunkt. I resultatet framkom det tydligt att diagnosbeskedet väcker många starka känslor och att personerna som drabbas är i stort behov av hjälp och stöd av sjukvårdspersonal för att kunna hantera diagnosbeskedet. Därav är det av vikt att sjuksköterskor får en inblick kring upplevelserna angående ett HIV diagnosbesked samt får mer utbildning inom ämnet så att rätt information kan ges.

Abstract [en]

Although HIV is a well-known disease and millions of people worldwide are affected, it is still one of the world's most stigmatized diseases. Stigmatization causes the disease to be associated with both prejudice and shame, affecting the people who suffer from the disease annually. The purpose of this qualitative literature study was to highlight patients' experiences of getting an HIV diagnosis. The results of the literature study were based on nine scientific articles that resulted in the following six themes: Experiences of shock, experiences of anger and guilt, experiences in fear of dying, experiences of difficulty whit disclosure to friends and family, experiences of acceptance, and experiences of the diagnosis as a positive turning point. In the results, it was clear that the diagnosis raised many strong emotions and that the people who are affected are in urgent need of assistance and support from healthcare professionals to handle the diagnosis. Hence, it is important that nurses get an insight into the experiences regarding an HIV diagnosis and receive more education in the subject so that the right information can be given.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
HIV, Diagnosis, Patient experience, Stigmatization
Keyword [sv]
HIV, Diagnosbesked, Patienters upplevelser, Stigmatisering
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-34171OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-34171DiVA: diva2:1110330
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-16 Created: 2017-06-15 Last updated: 2017-06-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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