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Patienters erfarenheter av att leva med sväljningssvårigheter
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients’ experiences of living with swallowing difficulties (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sväljningssvårigheter förekommer hos personer i alla åldrar, men är vanligast hos de äldre. Konsekvenserna av sväljningssvårigheter i form av undernäring och aspirationspneumonier bidrar till ökad ohälsa och stora samhällskostnader. Sväljningssvårigheter är inte en sjukdom i sig, utan är ett symptom av andra sjukdomar. Eftersom undernäring är vanligt hos personer med sväljningssvårigheter, bör sjuksköterskan ha kännedom om patienters erfarenheter av sväljningssvårigheter. Syftet var att beskriva patienters erfarenheter av att ha sväljningssvårigheter. Genom utförande av en allmän litteraturstudie framkom fyra teman: Erfarenheter av att sväljningssvårigheter ställer upp hinder för måltiden, Erfarenheter av begränsningar i det dagliga livet, Erfarenheter av att hantera vardagen och Den glädjelösa måltiden. Måltiden präglades av hostattacker, kvävningskänslor och att maten fastnade i halsen. Både det sociala livet och familjelivet begränsades. Patienterna hanterade situationen genom att undvika att dela måltider med andra. Patienterna kände ingen glädje av måltiden längre. Vidare forskning gällande allmänhetens attityd gentemot sväljningssvårigheter är av intresse. Ett framtagande av en konsistensanpassad meny för restauranger vore hjälpsamt för patientgruppen.

Abstract [en]

Swallowing difficulties occur in people of all ages, but is increasingly common in the elderly. Malnourishment and aspiration pneumonia are consequences of swallowing difficulties that lead to increase in ill-health and high costs for society. Swallowing difficulties are not an illness, but a symptom of other diseases. Since malnourishment is common in people with swallowing difficulties nurses should have knowledge of patients with experiences of having swallowing difficulties. The purpose of this study was to describe patients’ experiences of swallowing difficulties. Through the performance of a literature review four themes emerged: Experiences of swallowing difficulties hindering the meal, Experiences of limitations in daily life, Experiences of dealing with everyday life and The joyless meal. The meal was characterized by coughing, feelings of choking and food getting stuck in the throat. Social life and family life alike were limited. Patients handled the situation by avoiding eating with others. Patients no longer experienced joy in eating. Further research on public’s attitude towards swallowing difficulties are of interest. The development of a texture modified menu for restaurants would be helpful for this patient group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
Experiences, Food, Patients, Swallowing difficulties
Keyword [sv]
Erfarenheter, Mat, Patienter, Sväljningssvårigheter
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33852OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-33852DiVA: diva2:1096051
Subject / course
Nursing
Presentation
2017-04-28, Halmstad, 17:06 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-05-17 Created: 2017-05-16 Last updated: 2017-05-17Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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