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Människan med stomi och upplevelsen av sexualitet
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

När en människa integreras med en stomi inom kroppsbilden kan sexualiteten förändras. Bakomliggande sjukdomsbild, komplikationer av operationen eller varandet med stomin kan utgöra ett hinder för utövande av människans sexualitet. Syftet med litteraturstudien har varit att beskriva vad sexualitet är för en människa med stomi. Litteraturstudien genomfördes med 10 vetenskapliga artiklar som analyserades till resultatet. Fem teman kunde urskiljas: Förlust, Oro, Ömsesidig öppenhet, Ny verklighet och Mindre annorlunda. Förekommande utmaningar för människan med stomi kan vara sexuella dysfunktioner samt intimitet. En oro kring läckage samt gas kan upplevas inom intima relationer samt att inte vara sexuellt attraktiv. Stomin kan uppfattas genant, både till utseende samt genom förlorad kroppsfunktion. Att inte se stomin som ett hinder kan människan uppleva en ny verklighet. Genom olika strategier kan människan med stomi underlätta sexuella relationer. Det påvisas brister inom informationshantering relaterat till sexualitet inför en människa ska integreras med en stomi. Aktuella omvårdnadsmodeller belyser vikten av att bedöma patientens sexualitet. En påverkad sexualitet kan uppstå hos en människa som integrerats med stomi, något som bör uppmärksammas inom omvårdnadsprocessen samt i vidare omvårdnadsforskning. 

Abstract [en]

When a human is integrated with an ostomy on its body image, sexuality can change. Underlying illness, complications from surgery or the existence of the ostomy can constitute an obstacle for the human to exercise sexuality. The objective of this study was to describe what sexuality is for a human with an ostomy. The literature review was conducted by 10 scientific articles to the result. Five themes compiled: Loss, Anxiety, Mutual openness, New reality and Less different. Challenges for the human with an ostomy might be sexual dysfunctions and intimacy. One concern may be experienced around the leakages and the gas within intimate relationships also not being sexually attractive. The ostomy can be considered an embarrassment, both in appearance and by loss of body function. By not seeing the ostomy as an obstacle, the human can experience a new reality. Through various strategies, can a human with an ostomy, facilitate sexual relationships. Research highlights gaps in information related to sexuality before the surgery. Contemporary nursing models emphasize the importance of assessing the patient’s sexuality. An affected sexuality can occur amongst a human with an ostomy and something that should attend in the nursing process and in further research. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Nursing, ostomy, sexuality, stoma
Keyword [sv]
Omvårdnad, sexualitet, stomi
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33842OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-33842DiVA: diva2:1094993
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-05-12 Created: 2017-05-11 Last updated: 2017-05-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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