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Personcentrerad vård vid demens: Ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Med en åldrande befolkning följer även en ökning av demenssjukdomar. World Health Organisation beräknar att år 2016 finns det 47,5 miljoner personer med demens och antalet insjuknade fördubblas vart 20 år. Sjuksköterskor möter personer med demens i olika vårdsituationer. Personer med demens är en särskilt utsatt grupp med speciella vårdbehov som kräver personcentrerad vård. Syftet var att beskriva personcentrerad vård vid demens ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv. En litteraturstudie genomfördes med systematiska artikelsökningar baserade på relevanta sökord och elva kvalitativa artiklar svarade mot syftet. Data bearbetades med inspiration från metasyntesen.  I resultatet framkom tre teman: Behov av tid, relationers betydelse och behov av kunskap. Resultatet framhåller att personliga egenskaper hos sjuksköterskor var viktig för att skapa förtroendefulla relationer och utbildning inom personcentrerad vård krävdes för att skapa ett engagemang. Resultatet genomsyrades av behovet av kunskap och relationers betydelse som sjuksköterskor kan möta i olika vårdsituationer. För att kunna vårda personer med demens med ett personcentrerat förhållningssätt krävs mer forskning inom ämnet, mer tid och utbildning inom personcentrerad vård vid demens för sjuksköterskor.

Abstract [en]

With an aging population here is also an increase in dementia. World Health Organisation estimates that in 2016, there were 47,5 million people with dementia and the number of incidents doubles every 20 years. The nurse meets people with dementia in different care situations. People with dementia are a particularly vulnerable group with special health care needs that require person-centered care. The aim was to describe personcentred care for dementia from a nurse perspective. A literature study was conducted using articles relevant to the subject,  then eleven qualitative articles responded with the purpose. The result revealed three themes: The need of the time, relations importance and need for knowledge. The results emphasize the personal characteristics of the nurse was important to create a relationship of trust and training in person-centered care was required to create a commitment. The result was imbued by the need for knowledge and relations important that nurses may face in different care situations. In order to care for people with dementia in a person-centered approach, more research on the subject, and more time and training in person-centered dementia care in nursing is needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
Alzheimer, dementia, person-centered care, nurse
Keyword [sv]
Alzheimers, demens, personcentrerad vård, sjuksköterskor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33837OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-33837DiVA: diva2:1094895
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-05-12 Created: 2017-05-11 Last updated: 2017-05-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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