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Musikintervention: Att använda musik för att lindra smärta
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Music intervention : To use music as a method of pain (English)
Abstract [sv]

Smärta i alla dess dimensioner är ett tillstånd av ohälsa samt ett problem som påverkar hela individens livsvärld. Samtidigt är musik något som alla individer har en subjektiv upplevelse av vad det innebär och hur kroppen och sinnet påverkas av dess rytm, harmoni och melodi. Studien syftade därför till att undersöka hur musikintervention upplevdes smärtlindrande. En litteraturstudie användes som metod där 11 vetenskapliga artiklar av både kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats granskades. Resultatet delades upp genom att kodord placerades under smärtans dimensioner och visade att musiken påverkade individens upplevelse av smärta i samtliga dimensioner. Den fysiologiska dimensionen, som fokuserade på de fysiologiska orsakerna bakom smärtan visades påverkas starkast av musikintervention. Svagaste påverkan hade musiken på den sociokulturella dimensionen, som fokuserade till stor del på hur smärtan manifesterades på omgivningen. I resultatet framkom även att det viktigaste för att musikintervention skulle upplevas smärtlindrande var att attraktionskraften till musikstycket var tillräckligt uppskattat hos individen. 

Abstract [en]

Pain in all its dimensions is a state of ill health as well as a problem that affects the entire life-world of the individual. At the same time, music is something that all individuals have a subjective experience of what it means and how the body and mind are affected by its rhythm, harmony and melody. Therefore the study aimed to investigate how music as an intervention was perceived as a relief in pain. A literature study was used as method, where 11 scientific articles of both qualitative and quantitative approach was reviewed. The result was divided by code words and placed under the different pain dimensions. The result demonstrated that the music affected the individual's experience of pain in all of the dimensions. The physiological dimension, which focused on the physiological causes of the pain appeared most strongly influenced by the music intervention. Weakest influence the music had on the socio-cultural dimension, which focused largely on how the pain was manifested in the surroundings of the individual. The results also revealed that the most important thing for music intervention to be perceived as reliving in pain was that the piece of music was sufficiently appreciated by the individual.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 20 p.
Keyword [en]
Pain, Music, Music therapy, Music intervention
Keyword [sv]
Smärta, Musik, Musiterapi, Musikintervention
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33814OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-33814DiVA: diva2:1094224
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-05-10 Created: 2017-05-09 Last updated: 2017-05-10Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(430 kB)13 downloads
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File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 430 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf