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Orsaker till otillräcklig fysisk aktivitet
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Reasons to insufficiently physical activity (English)
Abstract [sv]

Otillräcklig aktivitet har blivit ett stort folkhälsoproblem i världen. Många människor är otillräckligt aktiva och ju mer stillasittande personerna är desto högre risk har de att drabbas av sjukdom. Syftet med studien var att undersöka vad som orsakar en otillräcklig fysisk aktivitet hos personer i åldern 40-75 år. Studien genomfördes som en integrativ litteraturstudie som hanterar både kvantitativ och kvalitativ forskning. Resultatet grundar sig på tolv artiklar och presenteras under fem teman: beteendemässiga faktorer, konkurrerande krav, upplevda hinder, situationsspecifika aspekter och personliga faktorer. Inställningen till fysisk aktivitet grundar sig bland annat på personernas uppväxt och tidigare erfarenheter. Många saknar kunskap om aktiviteternas positiva effekt på hälsan och vid avsaknad av uppmuntran och stöd riskerar personerna att bli otillräckligt aktiva. Orsaker till otillräckligt aktivitet var bland annat bristen på tid som istället ägnades åt familj och arbete samt bristande tillgänglighet till träningsanläggningar. Personer som tidigare har upplevt positiva hälsoeffekter och får stöd har lättare att genomföra en hälsoförändring. Stödet kan utgöras av hälsosamtal som kan inge trygghet hos personen och öka sannolikheten att en förändring genomförs. För att kunna motivera till hälsoförändring är det viktigt att distriktssköterskor har kunskap om vad som orsakar att människor är otillräckligt aktiva.

Abstract [en]

Insufficiently activity has become a major public health problem throughout the world. Many people are insufficiently active and the more sedentary individuals are, the higher risk that they will suffer from a disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the causes of an inadequate physical activity among people aged 40-75 years. The study was conducted as an integrative literature review that handles both qualitative and quantitative research. The results are based on twelve articles and presented under five themes: behavioral factors, competing demands, perceived barriers, situational aspects and personal factors. Attitudes towards physical activity are based on people's upbringing and past experiences. Many lack knowledge about the positive effects of physical activity and, when coupled with a lack of encouragement and support, there is a risk that people will be insufficiently active. One of the primary reasons for insufficient activity was lack of time which was otherwise devoted to family and work. People who have experienced health benefits and receive support have an easier time implementing a healthy change in their level of physical activity. This support can take the form of health talks which foster a sense of security for the person and increase the likelihood that a positive change is implemented. To motivate improved health, it is important that district nurses have a good background  knowledge as to the common reasons why people are insufficiently active. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 36 p.
Keyword [sv]
Otillräcklig aktivitet, Health Promotion Model, hälsa
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33713OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-33713DiVA: diva2:1088730
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-04-27 Created: 2017-04-14 Last updated: 2017-04-27Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(690 kB)69 downloads
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File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 690 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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