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Tränarbeteenden, Självbestämmande och Psykiskhälsa/ohälsa inom elit ungdomsfotbollen
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Tidigare studier visar att spelare kan uppfatta tränare annorlunda jämfört med vad tränarenvill. Tränarbeteendet kan ha olika utfall på självbestämmandet och välmåendet hos spelaren.Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka hur fotbollsspelare uppfattar huvudtränarensbeteenden. Det var av intresse att se samband mellan spelarnas upplevelse av tränarbeteenden,självbestämmande och psykisk hälsa/ohälsa där klubblaget är i fokus då detta påverkarspelarnas välmående och vidare utveckling. I studien deltog 102 ungdomsfotbollsspelare ielitförberedande akademier i åldrarna 15 till 18 år (M=16,03, SD=1,014). Mätinstrumentensom användes var Coaching Behavior Scale for Sport, The Basic Needs Satisfaction in SportScale och General Health Questionnaire-12. Analysmetoderna som genomfördes vardeskriptiv statistik, beroende t-test samt enkla linjära regressionsanalyser. Den deskriptivastatistiken visade att personlig kontakt var det högst rangordnade tränarbeteendet samt attspelarnas självbestämmande hade höga medelvärden. Beroende t-testet visade signifikant merupplevd psykisk hälsa än psykisk ohälsa. Vidare visade de linjära regressionsanalyserna attautonomi, samhörighet och psykisk hälsa hade ett signifikant samband med tränarbeteendeoch var positivt relaterat. Vidare identifierades att tränarbeteende inte är relaterat tillkompetens och psykisk ohälsa. För framtida forskning rekommenderas vidare forskning inomämnet med fler elitförberedande fotbollsakademier. Det är av intresse att utföra en liknandestudie med flickor samt göra en kvalitativ studie där intervjuer sker med både tränare ochspelare.

Abstract [en]

Previous research has shown that players may perceive their coach in a different way thanwhat is desired by the trainer himself. The coach behaviors could have different affects onplayers self-determination and well-being. The purpose of this study was to investigate howSwedish elite football players perceived coach behaviors. It was of interest to seerelationships between players experiences of coach behaviors, self-determination and wellbeingwhen the club where in focus because it affects the players well-being and futuredevelopment. There were 102 participants from different Swedish elite football academies atthe age of 15-19 years old (M=16,03, SD=1,014). This study used Coaching Behavior Scalefor Sport, The Basic Needs Satisfaction in Sport Scale and General Health Questionnaire-12.This study data analysis was descriptive statistics, paired sample t-test and linear regressionanalysis. The descriptive statistics showed that personal contact was the highest ranked coachbehavior and player’s self-determination had high means. The paired sample t-test showedsignificant more perceived well-being than illness. Furthermore the linear regression analysisshowed that autonomy, relatedness and well-being were positive significant with coachbehaviors. Furthermore the results indicated that coach behaviors was not related tocompetence and illness. For further research, it is suggested to do a larger research with moreSwedish elite youth football clubs. It is of interest to do a similar study on girls and make aqualitative study where interviews take place with both coaches and players.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33331OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-33331DiVA: diva2:1076228
Subject / course
Sport and Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-03-03 Created: 2017-02-22 Last updated: 2017-03-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf