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Patienters upplevelser i förhållande till avstötning eller risk för avstötning efter en organtransplantation.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients experiences in relation to rejection or the risk of rejection after an organ transplant. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Varje år genomförs omkring 700 organtransplantationer i Sverige. Patienter som genomgått en organtransplantation har en ständig risk för avstötning. Avstötning innebär att det transplanterade organet stöts bort och slutar fungera på grund av kroppens immunförsvar. Oavsett var transplantationen utförs så följs patienterna upp på sin hemort. Därför är det av stor vikt att som sjuksköterska inneha kunskaper om patienters upplevelser om avstötning. Syftet med litteraturstudien var därför att beskriva patienters upplevelser om avstötning efter en organtransplantation. För att uppnå syftet med studien utfördes en litteraturstudie, där fyra kategorier framstod i resultatet: Det ständiga hotet, En oönskad livssituation, Fångad i behandlingsregimen och Att finna styrka i vardagen. Avstötning är en upplevelse av ett ständigt hot som även kan medföra att patienter upplever ett emotionellt trauma. Patienterna känner sig tvungna att följa den utvalda behandlingsregimen för att undvika en avstötning. Efter en upplevd avstötning behöver patienterna använda sig av olika strategier för att kunna hantera vardagen. Ytterligare forskning om ämnet behövs för att kunna möta denna patientgrupps vårdbehov.

Abstract [en]

Each year about 700 organ transplants are performed in Sweden. Patients who have had an organ transplant are at constant risk of graft rejection. Graft rejection means that the transplanted organ is rejected and stops functioning because of the body’s immune system. Regardless of where the transplant is performed the patients are followed up at their domicile. Therefore it is of great importance that the nurse has knowledge about patients’ experiences in conjunction with graft rejection. The purpose of this study was to describe patients' experiences of graft rejection after organ transplantation. To achieve the purpose of this study a literature review was conducted, in which four categories emerged in the results: The constant threat, An undesirable situation in life, Caught in the treatment regimen, and To find strength in everyday life. Rejection is an experience of a constant threat that may cause patients to experience an emotional trauma. Patients feel obliged to follow the chosen treatment regimen to prevent rejection. After an experienced rejection, patients need to use different strategies to cope with everyday life. Further research on the topic is needed to meet the care needs of this patient group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
Experiences, Graft rejection, Organ transplantation, Patients
Keyword [sv]
Avstötning, Organtransplantation, Patienter, Upplevelser
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33206OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-33206DiVA: diva2:1071414
Subject / course
Nursing
Presentation
Högskolan i Halmstad, Halmstad (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-07 Created: 2017-02-04 Last updated: 2017-02-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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