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Min förändrade kropp: Patienters kroppsuppfattning efter en fetmaoperation
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
My Changed Body : Patients' body image after bariatric surgery (English)
Abstract [sv]

I Sverige har frekvensen av fetma fördubblats sedan 1980-talet och fortsätter att öka. Individer med fetma tenderar att ha en negativ kroppsuppfattning i större utsträckning än normalviktiga personer. Patienters kroppsuppfattning efter fetmaoperation är komplex och är ett mindre utforskat område som behövs belysas. Syftet var att belysa vuxna patienters kroppsuppfattning efter en fetmaoperation. En allmän litteraturstudie genomfördes och tio vetenskapliga artiklar användes i resultatet. I resultatet framkom tre teman och fem kategorier. Följande teman var; Kroppsuppfattning relaterat till viktförlust, kroppsuppfattning relaterat till överflödig hud samt kroppsuppfattning relaterat till omgivningen. Kategorierna var; Den egna kroppen uppfattades positivt, den egna kroppen uppfattades negativt, överflödig hud uppfattades positivt och negativt, överflödig hud orsakade skamkänslor samt positiv och negativ verbal respons från omgivningen. Resultatet visar att fetmaoperationens påverkan på patienters kroppsuppfattning är individuell. Det behövs vidare forskning för att avgöra de bakomliggande orsakerna till att vissa patienter får en positiv kroppsuppfattning medan andra präglas av en negativ kroppsuppfattning postoperativt. Fortsatt forskning kan underlätta sjuksköterskor identifiering av patienters individuella behov i avsikt att utföra hälsofrämjande omvårdnadsåtgärder.

Abstract [en]

The incidence of obesity has doubled in Sweden since 1980 and is still increasing. Individuals with obesity tends to have more of a negative body image than individuals with normal weight status. The body image of patients that have undergone bariatric surgery is complex and has not sufficiently been researched, therefore clarification is needed. The aim was to illustrate an adult patient’s body image after a bariatric surgery. A litterature study was conducted and ten scientific articles were used as a basis for the results. Three themes and five categories emerged. The themes were; Body image related to weight loss, Body image related to excessive skin and Body image related to ones surrounding. The categories were; The own body was percieved positively, The own body was percieved negatively, Excessive skin was percieved positively and negatively, Excessive skin caused feelings of shame and Positive and Negative verbal response from ones surrounding. The result shows that bariatric surgery’s impact on the patient’s body image is individual. Further scientific research is needed to determine the underlying causes to why some patients’ acquires a positive body image and to why other patients’ acquires a negative body image. Further research can help nurses to identify the patients’ individual needs in order to implement health promoting nursing interventions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 15 p.
Keyword [en]
Bariatric surgery, Body image, Empowerment, Nursing and Weight loss
Keyword [sv]
Empowerment, Fetmaoperation, Kroppsuppfattning, Omvårdnad och Viktförlust
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33122OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-33122DiVA: diva2:1067082
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-01-20 Created: 2017-01-20Bibliographically approved

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36b66e1276fecd66fdafb836e43ca4ff43536d70e3da07f792723ee6215be7b964f1647721f2432ac5abcded51b8a74b8437a30cb433aa3468ebccf377336566
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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