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Stirring the motivational soup: within-person latent profiles of motivation in exercise
University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4608-7300
University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
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2017 (English)In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, ISSN 1479-5868, E-ISSN 1479-5868, Vol. 14, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

The purpose of the present study was to use a person-oriented analytical approach to identify latent motivational profiles, based on the different behavioural regulations for exercise, and to examine differences in satisfaction of basic psychological needs (competence, autonomy and relatedness) and exercise behaviour across these motivational profiles.

Methods

Two samples, consisting of 1084 and 511 adults respectively, completed exercise-related measures of behavioural regulation and psychological need satisfaction as well as exercise behaviour. Latent profile analyses were used to identify motivational profiles.

Results

Six profiles, representing different combinations of regulations for exercise, were found to best represent data in both samples. Some profiles were found in both samples (e.g., low motivation profile, self-determined motivation profile and self-determined with high introjected regulation profile), whereas others were unique to each sample. In line with the Self-Determination Theory, individuals belonging to more self-determined profiles demonstrated higher scores on need satisfaction.

Conclusions

The results support the notions of motivation being a multidimensional construct and that people have different, sometimes competing, reasons for engaging in exercise. The benefits of using person-oriented analyses to examine within-person interactions of motivation and different regulations are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BioMed Central, 2017. Vol. 14, no 4
Keyword [en]
Motivation profile, Person-oriented, Exercise, Need satisfaction, Self-determination
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-33075DOI: 10.1186/s12966-017-0464-4ISI: 000395349900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85009410594OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-33075DiVA: diva2:1065387
Note

Funding: Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports (grant number P2015-0050), Centre for Person-Centred Care at Gothenburg University; Halmstad University; Health Technology Centre Halland; Tappa Service AB and the European Regional Development Fund.

Available from: 2017-01-16 Created: 2017-01-16 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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Weman Josefsson, Karin

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