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Patienters upplevelser av att smärtbehandlas med opioider: Med fokus på långvarig smärta
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Health and Nursing.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients experiences of being pain treated with opioids : Focus on chronic pain (English)
Abstract [sv]

Opioider har blivit en vanligare behandlingsmetod för patienter med långvarig smärta som bidrar till att patienten upplever adekvat smärtlindring. Smärtlindringen kan dock leda till att patienter utsätts för opioidinducerade risker som leder till att patienten inte erhåller adekvat smärtlindring. Syftet med studien var att belysa patienters upplevelser av att behandlas med opioider vid långvarig smärta. Litteraturstudien utgår från en induktiv ansats och resultatet grundas på 14 vetenskapliga artiklar, varav sju artiklar är kvalitativa samt sju är kvantitativa. En innehållsanalys användes vilket resulterade i tre olika teman: Det professionella och sociala stödet, Inverkan på kropp och själ samt Vilja till att bemästra opioidbehandlingen. Resultatet visade både positiva och negativa upplevelser bland patienter med långvarig smärta som behandlas med opioider. Patienterna upplevde det professionella mötet som särskilt betydelsefullt då det ingav hopp och stöd. Patienter kunde däremot också uppleva förutfattade meningar samt negativa attityder vilket bidrog till bristfällig omvårdnad för patienterna. Studien föreslår att sjuksköterskor är i behov av utbildning och kunskap angående opioider och dess inverkan på kroppen för att bidra med god patientutbildning samt god omvårdnad.

Abstract [en]

Opioids have become a common method of treatment for patients with chronic pain that contribute to adequate pain relif. Pain relief can lead to patients being exposed to opioid-induced risks that causes inadequate pain relief for the patients. The aim of the study was to highlight patients experiences of being treated with opioids for chronic pain. The literature review is based on a inductive approach and the results are based on 14 scientific articles, including seven qualitative articles and seven quantitative articles. A content analysis of the article was used which resulted in three different themes: The professional and social support, Impact on the body and mind and Will to overcome opioid-therapy. The result showed both positive and negative experiences among patients with chronic pain treated with opioids. Patients experienced the professional meeting as particularly significant because it gave them hope and support. Patients could however also experience prejudice and negative attitudes which contributed to inadequate care for the patients. The study suggests that nurses are in need of education and knowledge about opioids and their impact on the body to contribute with good patient education and good nursing care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
Chronic pain, experience, opioids, pain treatment, patient
Keyword [sv]
Långvarig smärta, opioider, patient, smärtbehandling, upplevelse
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-32891OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-32891DiVA: diva2:1061488
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-01-05 Created: 2017-01-02 Last updated: 2017-01-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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