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Illamående i samband med cytostatikabehandling
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nausea during chemotherapy (English)
Abstract [sv]

Illamående är en av de vanligaste förekommande biverkningarna av cytostatikabehandling. Cytostatika används för att behandla cancer. Varje år drabbas 58 000 människor i Sverige av cancer och i hela världen är den siffran 14 miljoner. Det finns tre olika former av illamående i samband med cytostatikabehandling. Dessa tre former är akut illamående, fördröjt illamående och betingat illamående. Cytostatika-relaterat illamående kan behandlas både farmakologiskt och icke-farmakologiskt. Syftet var att beskriva illamående hos patienter med cancer i samband med cytostatikabehandling. En allmän litteraturstudie utfördes. Sökningar i databaserna Cinahl, Medline och Psycinfo resulterade i tio resultatartiklar. Artiklarna granskades och teman med underteman identifierades. De teman som identifierades var förekomst av illamående, patienters upplevelser av illamående, strategier vid illamående och livskvalitet. Cytostatika-relaterat illamående ansågs vara ett subjektivt fenomen som var svårt att beskriva. De som drabbades av illamående i samband med cytostatikabehandling upplevde flertalet olika förändringar som påverkade dem negativt. Patienterna fick använda sig av olika strategier för att hantera sitt illamående. Livskvaliteten påverkades negativt av det cytostatika-relaterade illamåendet. Mer forskning kring ämnet skulle vara av betydelse då detta är ett stort omvårdnadsämne som borde få mer fokus då det påverkar hela människan. 

Abstract [en]

Nausea is one of the most common side-effects during chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is used for treating cancer. Every year 58 000 people gets cancer in Sweden and worldwide 14 million people is affected by the disease. There are three different types of nausea during chemotherapy. These types are acute nausea, delayed nausea and anticipatory nausea. Chemotherapy-induced nausea can be treated either with pharmacological treatment or non-pharmacological treatment. The purpose of this study was to describe nausea in patients with cancer receiving chemotherapy. A general literature study was performed. The searches in the databases Cinahl, Medline and Psycinfo resulted in ten articles. The articles were examined and themes and subthemes were identified. The themes that were identified was The incidence of nausea, The patients experiences of nausea, Strategies to cope with nausea and Quality of life. Chemotherapy-induced nausea was considered to be a subjective phenomenon which was difficult to describe. Patients who suffered from chemotherapy-induced nausea experienced multiple changes that had a negative impact on them. Patient used several strategies to cope with their nausea. Chemotherapy-induced nausea had a negative impact on the patients quality of life. More studies are needed in this field with more focus on how chemotherapy-induced nausea affects these patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 17 p.
Keyword [en]
cancer, chemotherapy, nausea, suffering, quality of life
Keyword [sv]
cancer, cytostatika, illamående, lidande, livskvalitet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-32811OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-32811DiVA: diva2:1059705
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-01-04 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2017-01-04Bibliographically approved

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