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Omvårdnadsåtgärder för vuxna personer med stickrädsla: En litteraturstudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nursing interventions for adult persons with needle fear : A litterature rewiew (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Stickrädsla förekommer i alla åldrar och uppskattningsvis lider minst 10 procent av befolkningen av det. För individen kan stickrädsla innebära stort obehag som kan leda till att en stickrädd person undviker hälso- och sjukvården och därmed riskerar att drabbas av ohälsa. Behoven hos en stickrädd person kan förbises inom hälso- och sjukvården på grund av bristande resurser och kompetens vilket kan leda till lidande. Syfte: Att belysa omvårdnadsåtgärder för vuxna personer med stickrädsla. Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie utfördes med en systematisk litteratursökning i databaserna Cinahl, PubMed och PsycINFO. Resultatet baserades på 12 vetenskapliga artiklar som granskades med avseende på vetenskaplig kvalitet och etik. Resultat: Resultatet mynnade ut i fem teman som belyser omvårdnadsåtgärder för stickrädda vuxna personer: ett empatiskt förhållningssätt, skapa distraktion, ge information och utbildning, anpassa rum och utrustning, ge farmakologisk och icke farmakologisk smärtlindring. Omvårdnadsåtgärderna lindrar lidande hos personer med stickrädsla när de utförs av kompetent hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal genom ett professionellt vårdande. Implikation: Genom dialog, utbildning och förändrade arbetsrutiner kan medvetenheten kring stickrädsla och lindrande omvårdnadsåtgärder ökas hos hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal och sjuksköterskestudenter.

Abstract [en]

Background: Needle fear occurs in all ages and an estimated minimum of 10 percent of the population suffers from it.For the individual, needle fear can involve great discomfort which can lead to that a person with needle fear avoids health care and therefore risks to become ill. The needs of a person with needle fear can be overlooked in health care due to lack of resources and competence which can lead to suffering. It is important to identify effective nursing interventions for health care personnel to alleviate the suffering of persons with needle fear. Aim: To illuminate nursing interventions for adults with needle fear. Methods: A literature review was conducted with a systematic litterature search in the databases Cinahl, PubMed and PsycINFO. The result was based on 12 scientific articles that were viewed regarding scientific quality and ethics. Results: The outcome resulted in five themes that illuminate nursing interventions for adult persons with needle fear: an empathic approach, create distraction, give information and education, adjust room and equipment, give pharmacological and non pharmacological pain relief. The nursing interventions alleviate suffering for persons with needle fear when performed by competent health care personnel through professional care. Implication: The awareness of needle fear and alleviating nursing interventions can be raised among health care professionals and nursing students through dialogue, education and altered working procedures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
Adult, Needle fear, Needle phobia, Nursing interventions
Keyword [sv]
nålfobi, omvårdnadsåtgärder, stickrädsla, vuxna
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-32774OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-32774DiVA: diva2:1058374
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-12-23 Created: 2016-12-20 Last updated: 2016-12-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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