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Rehabilitation after first-time anterior cruciate ligament injury and reconstruction in female football players: a study of resilience factors
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0990-4842
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Sport Health and Physical activity.
Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Football Research Group, Linköping, Sweden.
Football Research Group, Linköping, Sweden & Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6883-1471
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2016 (English)In: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, ISSN 2052-1847, Vol. 8, article id 20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Most of the research in the area of psychosocial factors in rehabilitation after sports injuries has focused on risk behaviors, while relatively few studies have focused on behaviors that facilitate rehabilitation. The objective of our study was to understand the psychosocial features that characterize elite female football players who express a resilient behaviour during rehabilitation after a first-time anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction.

Methods

A qualitative method was used based on individual in-person interviews and video communication of players who incurred a first-time ACL tear during the 2012 season of the Swedish Women’s Elite Football League. In total, 13 players had a first-time ACL and were interviewed post-season. The interviews were followed by a thematic content analysis. Based on this, eight players were identified as showing resilient behaviors during their rehabilitation and were included in the final analysis.

Results

Three core themes representing psychosocial factors that help players cope successfully with rehabilitation were identified: (I) constructive communication and rich interaction with significant others; (II) strong belief in the importance and efficacy of one’s own actions; and (III) the ability to set reasonable goals.

Conclusions

The findings suggest three core themes of psychosocial factors that characterize first-time ACL-injured elite female football players showing resilience during rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction. Suggestions for medical teams about ways to support communication, self-efficacy, and goal-setting during the rehabilitation process, are provided. © 2016 The Author(s).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BioMed Central, 2016. Vol. 8, article id 20
Keywords [en]
Athletic injury, Behavior, Female football, Psychosocial, Resilience
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-31655DOI: 10.1186/s13102-016-0046-9ISI: 000386704800001PubMedID: 27429759OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-31655DiVA, id: diva2:949306
Note

The study was financially supported by the Swedish Football Association (FA).

Available from: 2016-07-18 Created: 2016-07-18 Last updated: 2018-10-24Bibliographically approved

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Johnson, UrbanIvarsson, AndreasHägglund, MartinBörjesson, Mats

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CiteExportLink to record
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