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Introduction of Sustainable Low-cost Housing in Ethiopia – an Innovation Diffusion Perspective
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL), Sustainability, Innovation and Management in Building (SIMB).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7585-0718
2015 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

As many developing countries, Ethiopia is facing a lot of problems. A high population growth and erosion caused by deforestation can be considered the most serious one. The need for housing is increasing while deforestation causes a lack of sustainable and appropriate timber for construction. A challenge facing the Ethiopian society is thus to give a growing population opportunities to obtain decent, sustainable and affordable housing. One way to achieve this is to use adobe technology, which means that houses are built with sun-dried clay blocks. Used correctly, the adobe technology has many benefits. The main advantages are that the technique is relatively simple, local materials can be used and that timber demand is low. Because of this, the technology also has many advantages from a sustain ability perspective. In Ethiopia, most attempts with the adobe technology have been less successful without lasting impacts. In this paper, the reasons for this are discussed. Six cases where adobe has been used are described an analysed. Many factors have been identified as being important for the diffusion of the technology, i.e., a strong champion, market and risk factors, cultural factors creating stigma and basic training. © 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 21, s. 454-460
Serie
Procedia Economics and Finance, ISSN 2212-5671 ; 21
Nyckelord [en]
Adobe, diffusion, innovation, low-cost, sustainability
Nationell ämneskategori
Husbyggnad
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-29981DOI: 10.1016/S2212-5671(15)00199-9ISI: 000358679700056OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-29981DiVA, id: diva2:882205
Konferens
8th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization, Tampere, Finland, 28 - 29 May, 2015
Tillgänglig från: 2015-12-14 Skapad: 2015-12-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-22Bibliografiskt granskad

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Hjort, BengtWidén, Kristian

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