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New media, habitus and the problem of voice: The case of young men in Sweden
Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för lärande, humaniora och samhälle, Centrum för samhällsanalys (CESAM).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3070-4717
2012 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Enbart muntlig presentation (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

In enabling “ordinary people” to participate in the public sphere, new media are often celebrated as a democratizing force. And even if the projected egalitarian world of new media is yet to come, it is frequently believed to be an inevitable effect of the coming of age of the so-called “the digital generation”, who have grown up with these media and so have come to incorporate their democratic potentials.

This hyperbolic optimism about new media rests on a flawed technological determinism. We cannot presume that the possibility of online participation amounts to an actual process of democratization. Being able to make one’s voice heard is not the same as being listened to and acknowledged, nor is it the same as exercising this ability. Nevertheless, much debate and research on young people’s new media use has been implicitly based on this premise. Little attention has been paid to the structures, mechanisms and contexts that enable and constrain online participatory practices among young people.

As part of my ongoing PhD project this paper sets out to identify forms and patterns of online participation and non-participation among 34 Swedish boys (16-19 years) from different class backgrounds. Drawing on qualitative interview data and the conceptual tools of Pierre Bourdieu, it also tries to grasp some of the processes engendering these forms and patterns.

Preliminary analyses suggest that the sense of having “the right to speak” (or not) in different matters seems to shape whether, how, and where the boys participate online. This sense is rooted in habitus and as such in their different class backgrounds. The boys privileged in terms of capital tend to participate with greater ease insofar as they feel that their voice matters in most matters, whereas the disprivileged boys seem to feel that their voice matters in a more limited range of matters, most of them generally regarded as trivial.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2012.
Nyckelord [en]
Young people, New media, Participation, Habitus, Social class
Nationell ämneskategori
Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25035OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-25035DiVA, id: diva2:711846
Konferens
New Media and the Public Sphere, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, 8-9 November, 2012
Tillgänglig från: 2014-04-11 Skapad: 2014-04-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-03-09Bibliografiskt granskad

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Danielsson, Martin

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Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap

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