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Patientens upplevelse av ett cancerbesked
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patient's experience of receiving a cancer diagnosis (English)
Abstract [sv]

Varje år diagnostiseras över 50 000 individer med cancer i Sverige. Ett cancerbesked väcker blandade känslor och associeras ofta med lidande och död. Ett svårt besked kan leda till en förändrad livssituation och kan även ses som början på en lång och mödosam resa. En vetenskaplig litteraturstudie baserad på 15 originalartiklar genomfördes med syftet att belysa patientens upplevelse av ett cancerbesked och därmed öka sjuksköterskans förståelse för patientens situation samt fördjupa kunskaperna inom ämnet. Genom litteraturgranskningen identifierades tre teman: information, emotionella reaktioner samt psykosocialt stöd. Patienten upplever att det är viktigt att informationen ges på ett öppet och ärligt sätt. Vidare framkom det betydelsefullt att uppmärksamma patientens emotionella reaktioner i samband med beskedet. Eftersom upplevelsen av ett cancerbesked påverkar patientens fortsatta upplevelse av sin sjukdom, har sjuksköterskan en viktig roll att fylla genom att erbjuda psykosocialt stöd i de olika tänkbara situationer som kan uppkomma i samband med ett livsavgörande besked. Fortsatt forskning behövs för att jämföra hur de rekommendationer som finns angående delgivandet av ett svårt besked överensstämmer med patienternas egna upplevelser och önskemål.

Abstract [en]

Every year, over 50 000 individuals in Sweden are diagnosed with cancer. The disclosure of the cancer diagnosis arouses emotions and is often associated with suffering and death. Receiving bad news may lead to changes in life and can also be seen as the beginning of a long and difficult journey. A scientific study based on 15 original articles was carried out with the purpose to identify the patient’s experience of receiving a cancer diagnosis and therefore increase the nurse’s understanding for the patient’s situation and deepen the knowledge of the subject. When examining the articles three themes were identified: information, emotional reactions and psychosocial support. The patient experience that it is important that the information is given in an open and honest manner. Patients also find it important that their emotional reaction is being observed as receiving the diagnosis. As the disclosure of the cancer diagnosis affects the patient’s further perception of the disease the nurse has an important role providing psychosocial support in various situations that may arise in connection with the disclosure. Continued research is needed to compare how guidelines for giving bad news to a patient correspond with the patient’s own experiences and preferences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , p. 40
Keywords [en]
Cancer diagnosis, Disclosure, Experience, Patient
Keywords [sv]
Cancer, Cancerbesked, Patient, Upplevelse
National Category
Cancer and Oncology Cell and Molecular Biology Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-5858OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-5858DiVA, id: diva2:352511
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-09-22 Created: 2010-09-21 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(196 kB)2059 downloads
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School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS)
Cancer and OncologyCell and Molecular BiologyHealth Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health EconomyNursing

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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More languages
Output format
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